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neuro3 NDT

QuestionAnswer
Neuromuscular Developmental Treatment (NDT): approach developed by Karl and Berta Bobath based on the hierarchical model of neurophysiologic function.
NDT Abnormal postural reflex activity and abnormal muscle tone is caused by the loss of central nervous system control at the brainstem and spinal cord levels.
NDT concept recognizes that interference of normal function of the brain caused by central nervous system dysfunction leads to a slowing down or cessation of motor development and the inhibition of righting reactions, equilibrium reactions, and automatic movements.
NDT The patient should learn to control movement through activities that promote normal movement patterns that integrate function.
Facilitation: . A technique utilized to elicit voluntary muscular contraction
Inhibition: . A technique utilized to decrease excessive tone or movement
Key points of control: Specific handling of designated areas of the body (shoulder, pelvis, hand, and foot) will influence and facilitate posture, alignment, and control.
Placing: The act of moving an extremity into a position that the patient must hold against gravity.
Reflex inhibiting posture: . Designated static positions that Bobath found to inhibit abnormal tonal influences and reflexes
NDT Inhibition of abnormal patterns with facilitation of normal patterns
NDT Alteration of abnormal tone and influencing isolated active movement
NDT Avoid utilization of abnormal reflexes
NDT Manual contact and handling through key points of control for facilitation and inhibition
NDT Achieve a balance between muscle groups
NDT Use of developmental sequence
Provide the patient with the sensation of normal movement by inhibiting abnormal postural reflex activity
NDT Use of dynamic reflex inhibiting patterns
NDT Use of functional activities with varying levels of difficulty
NDT Treatment should be active and dynamic
NDT Avoid associated reactions
NDT Emphasize the component of rotation during treatment activities
NDT Orientation to midline control by moving in and out of midline with dynamic activity
NDT Compensation techniques are avoided and perceived as unnecessary
Created by: micah10