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Med Definitions

Medical Definitions (PTA)

QuestionAnswer
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing at rest or with exertion.
Hypertrophic scarring An abnormal and disorganized scar formation characterized by a raised firm scar with collagen fibers that do not follow any oattern.
Kinesthesia The ability to percieve the direction and axtent of movement of a joint or bodily part.
Areflexia Absence of reflex; possible sign of nerve damage.
Asthma A reversable obstructive lung condition characterized by increased responsiveness of the trachea and brochi to stimuli, inflamtion, and overproduction of mucous glands with widespread narrowing of the airways;symtoms include increased rep rate, prolonged
Ataxic Gait A gait pattern characterized by staggering and unsteadiness; there is usually a wide base of support and movements are exaggerated
Apraxia Inability to perform purposeful learned movements, although there is no sensory or motor impairment.
Agnosia Inability to interpret information.
Tenacious Thick, sticky , sputum.
Disability Person is no longer able to complete an activity.
Impairment Loss or abnormality to a strucutre or function.
Aphasia An acquired neurological impairment of processing for receptive and/or expressive language.
Functional Limitation Limited abilities due to disease.
Acidosis Body has decreased pH and high level of acid.
Nystagmus Rapid involuntary ossilation of the eye;may be secondary to brain malfunction or inner ear problems.
Controlled mobility The ability to alter a position or change positions while maintaining stability.
Stability Ability to maintain a fixed position while going against resistace in a weight bearing against gravity position.
Akinesia The inability to initiate movement;commonly seen in Parkinsons disease.
Ataxia The inability to perform coordinated movements.
Rusty Color of sputum; classic for Pneumococcal Pneumonia. (prune juice)
Purulent Pus, or yellow or greenish sputum, often copious and thick, common with acute and chronic infection.
Mucopurulent Mixture of mucoid and pus, yellow to pale green, associated with infection.
Mucoid White or clear, not generally associated with brochopulmonary infection but is present with chronic cough.
Diaphoresis Excessive sweating.
Orthopnea Difficulty breathing exept in the sitting and standing positions.
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft;surgical replumbing of the heart to improve blood supply.precautions;avoid UE retraction (sternal Precautions) so as not to stress incision, and avoid UE exercises, they cause to high a heart rate.
Coronary Artery Disease The narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries that may produce; ichemia and necrosis of the myocardium.
Chorea Movements that are sudden, random and involuntary.
Athetosis Slow writhing, and involuntary movements that may occur with damage to the basal ganglia.
Atelectasis A collapsed lung.
Ischemia Temporary oxygen defieciency of the tissue.
Alkalosis Body has increased pH and high level of base.
Agraphia The inability to write due to a lesion within the brain.
Clonus A characteristic of an upper motor neuron lesion, involuntary alternating spasmodic contraction of a muscle precipitated by a quick stretch reflex.
"Tennis Elbow" Lateral Epicondylitis; Activity related disorder; occurs when forearm extensor and supinator tendon fibers become inflamed at thier common attatchment to the lateral humeral epicondyle.
"Golfer's Elboe" Medial Epiconylitis;Usually an inflammation of the pronator teres and flexor carpi radialis tendons at their attachment to the medial epicondyle.
Dystharthria Slurred and impaired speech.
Dysaphagia Inability to properly swallow.
Decerebrate Rigidity A characteristic of a corticospinal lesion at the level of the brain stem that results in extension of the trunk and all extremities.
Decorticate Rigidity A characteristic of a corticospinal lesion at the level of the diencephalon where the trunk and LE are positioned in extension and the UE are positioned in flexion,.
Dystharthria Slurred speech due to a motor deficet of the tongue or other muscles essential for speech.
Aneurysm A dilation or sac like bulginging of a blood vessel wall. These weakend areas may rupture and cause sudden death.
Arrythmias Also called dysarythmia; loss of or an irregularity in normal heart rythm.
Bradycardia Heart rate less than 60 beats/min
Tachycardia Heart rate greater than 100 beats/min.
Embolus A blood clot that forms in one part of the body and travels to another.
Thrombosis Blood clot with in a vessel
Anterversion Only a small part of the femoral head is inside the acetabulum as a result the patient presents with a toe-in gait and appears to lack external rotation and the pt may seem less stable.
Intratester Reliability The consistency of the results obtained when one uses a particular method repeatedly.
Intertester Reliability The consistency of the data obtained from repeated analysis performed by a number of different persons.
Autograft A permanent skin graft taken from a donor site on the patients own body.
Heterograft Temporary skin graft taken from another species.
Allograft Temporary skin graft taken from a cadaver to cover large burns.
Q Angle The measurement taken from the ASIS to mid patella to tibial tuberosity, slightly larger in women due to wider hips for child birth.
Chemical burns Caused by exposure to sulfuric acid, hydrofuric acid, or gasoline, will continue to burn skin until diluted from are or skin.
Electrical burns Usually shows entry and exit wounds, caused when electricity is passed through the body, examples lightening and power wire accidents.
Ankle strategy Side view of person standing on foam, leaning forward as in a skiers position.
Collies fracture Most common wrist fracture resulting from a fall onto out stretched hand.
Smith Fracture The distal fragment of the radius discloses in the ventral direction; results from a fall on an out stretched hand while the hand is supinated.
Tachypnea Rapid respiratory rate.
Pusher Syndrome Significant lateral deviation of all joints toward the hemoplegic side.
Z-Plasty A surgical procedure to eliminate a scar contracture. An incision in the shape of a Z allows the contracture to change configuration and lengthen the scar.
Retroversion Allows a greater amount of the femoral head to be placed inside the acetabulum as a result it improves stability and the patient ambulates with a toe out gait and appears to lack internal rotation.
Hip Strategy One leg stance on foam.
Created by: dwylinmiller