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poetry

terms

QuestionAnswer
METER RHYTHM OF A LINE; STRESSED, UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES
SYLLABLE SINGLE UNIT OF UNINTERRUPTED SOUND
FOOT BASIC RHYTHM UNIT, COMBINATION OF STRESS, UNSTRESS SYLLABLES
IAMBIC PENTAMETER 2 SYLLABLE FOOT 5 FEET PER LINE
IAMBIC FOOT UNSTRESS, STRESS=DA DUM
TROCHAIC FOOT STRESS,UNSTRESS/STRESS,UNSTRESS/ =DUM,DA
SPONDIAC FOOT STRESS,STRESS/STRESS,STRES/ = DUM DUM
ANAPESTIC UNSTRESS,UNSTRESS, STRESS/ = DA DA DUM
DACTYLIC STRESS, UNSTRESS,UNSTRESS= DUM,DA,DA
STANZA RECURRINGPATTERN OF 2 OR MORE LINES OF VERSE ="PARAGRAPH OF PROSE"
PROSODY STUDY OF METRICAL STRUCTURES IN POETRY
SCANSION ART OF SCANNING AL LINE, READ LISTEN
4 COMMON ACCENTUAL SYLLABIC METERS IAMBIC, ANAPESTIC, TROCHAIC, DACTYLIC
RISING METER IAMBIC, ANAPESTIC
FALLING METER TROCHAIC, DACTYLIC
MONOSYLLABIC FOOT NO UNACCENTED SYLLABLE
MONOMETER METER CONSISTING OF ONE METRICAL FOOT, OR ONE PRIMARY STRESS PER LINE
DIAMETER VERSE METER WITH 2 METRICAL FEET OR 2 PRIMARY STRESSES PER LINE
TRIMETER VERSE METER WITH 3 METRICAL FEET OR 3 PRIMARY STRESSES PER LINE
TETRAMETER VERSE METER WITH 4 METRICAL FEET OR 4 PRIMARY STRESSES PER LINE
FOOT UNIT OF MEASUREMENT IN METRICAL POETRY
STRESS ACCENT; FORCE GIVEN TO SYLLABLE IN SPEAKING
SLACK UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES
PAUSES CAESURA; OCCURS AT A PUNCTUTATION MARK
CAESURA PAUSE; OCCURS AT A PUNCTUATION MARK
RUN ON LINE SLIGHT PAUSE; NO PUNCTUATION
RHYME TYPE INITIAL, EXACT, SLANT ,END,MASCULINE, FEMININE, EYE
INITIAL RYME/RIME ALLITERATION
EXACT SOUNDS FOLLOW VOWEL SOUND RED, BREAD
SLANT FINAL CONSONANT SAME SOUND, VOWEL SOUND DIFFERENT; NEAR, OFF OR IMPERFECT RHYME SUN, BONE
CONSONANCE SLANT RHYME- RIMED WORDS OR PHRASES SAME BEGINNING/ENDING CONSONANT SOUNDS DIFERENT VOWEL SOUND CHITTER, CHATTER
END RIME END OF LINES, MOST USED TYPE
MASCULINE RIME 1 SYLLABLE WORDS; JAIL, BAIL OR WORDS WITH MORE THAN 1 SYLLABLE- STRESS ON FINAL SYLLABLE DI-VORCE, RE-MORSE
FEMININE RIME 2 OR MORE SYLLABLES WITH STRESS ON A SYLLABLE OTHER THAN THE LAST; TUR-TLE, FER TILE. USED IN COMIC VERSE,
EYE RIME SPELLING LOOKS SAME, PRONUNCTIATION DIFFER; ROUGH, DOUGH IDEA, FLEA--DO NOT RIME AT ALL
INTERNAL RIME RIME OCCURS WITHIN A LINE OF POETRY AS APPOSED TO END RIME
FORMS IN POETRY CLOSED, OPEN DESIGN AS A WHOLE; CONFIGURATION OF ALL ITS PARTS
CLOSED PATTERN PATTERN SUCH AS A SONNET WITH RIME SKENE; TENDS TO LOOL REGULAR AND SYMMETRICAL, FALLING INTO STANZA THAT INDICATES GROUPS OF RIMES AND METER; MORE MEMORABLE
OPEN PATTERN
TRIOLET SHORT LYRICFORM 8 RHYMED LINES 2 OPEINGING LINES REPREATED ACCORDING TO SET PATTERN
TERCET GROUP OF 3 LINES OR VERSE USUALLY ALL ENDING WITH SAME RHYME
TERZA RIME VERSE FORM MADE UP OF 3 LINES, STANZA, CONNECTED BY OVERLAPPING RHYME THEME
SESTINA COMPLEX VERSE FORM 6 END WORDS REPEATED IN PRESCRIBE ORDER THROUGH 6 STANZA; ENDS WITH 3 LINES IN WHICH ALL 6 WORDS APPEAR-TOTAL 39 LINES
FORAML PATTERN IN POETRY BLANK VERSE, COUPLET, TERCET
BLANK VERSE UNRIMED IAMBIC PENTAMETER
COUPLET 2 LINE STANZA, USUALLY RIMED; BLOW,SNOW
HEROIC COUPLET CLOSED COUPLET, 2 RIMED LINES OF IAMBIC PENTAMETER, FIRST ENDING IN A LIGHT PAUSE, 2ND MORE HEAVILY END STOPPED
TERCET GROUP OF 3 LINES, USUALLY 1 RIME SOUND AS IN ANONYMOUS ENGLISH CHILDJINGLE
SYLLABIC VERSE VERSE FORM IN WHICH POET ESTABLISHES A PATTERN OF A CERTAIN NUMBER OF SYLLABLES TO A LINE
FREE VERSE POETRY ORGANIZED WITHOUT METER OR RIME
TYPE OF FREE VERSE PROSE AND VISUAL
PROSE POETRY POETIC LANGUAGE PRINTED IN PROSE PARAGRAPHS DISPLAYING THE CAREFUL ATTENTION TO SOUND IMAGERY AND FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF POETRY
VISUAL POETRY DISTINCTIVE VISUAL SHAPE VERBAL SILHOUETTE
BALLAD SONG THAT TELLS A STORY, ORAL VERSE FORM, SUNG OR RECITED; PASSED FROM PERFORMER TO PERFORMER WITHOUT BEING WRITTEN DOWN. COMPRESSED DRAMATIC, OBJECTIVE, IN THEIR NARRATIVE STYLE.
BALLAD TYPES FOLK, CHILD, BROADSIDE, LITERARY
FOLK BALLAD LOOSELY DEFINED ANONYMOUS STORY-SONGS TRANSMITTED ORALLY BEFORE THEY WERE WRITTEN DOWN
CHILD BALLAD SAME AS FOLK BALLAD BUT WRITTEN FOR CHILDREN
BALLAD STANZA FAVORITE PATTERN; 4 LINES RIMED, TENDING TO FALL INTO 8,6,8 & 6 SYLLABLES
COMMON METER LIKE BALLAD STANZA, FOUND IN HYMN PATTERN EXCEPT 2 PAIRS OF RIMES
BROADSIDE BALLAD PRINTED ON 1 SHEET OF PAPER OFTEN SET TO TRADITIONAL TUNES; EARLY FORM JOURNALISM POSSIBLY DUE TO CHEAP PRINTING AND GROWTH OF AUDIENCES WHO COULD BARELY READ
LITERARY BALLAD NOT MEANT FOR SINGING SOPHISTICATED POETRY FOR BOOK EDUCATED READERS. IMITATE FOLK BALLADS. MAY TELL DRAMATIC CONFLICTS; MORTALS ENCOUNTERING THE SUPERNATURAL; CONVENTIONAL FIGURES OF SPEECH OR BALLAD STANZA
TYPES OF SONNETS FIXED FORM INHERITED FROM OTHER POEM; FAMILIAR ELEMENTS OF STRUCTURE, UNVARYING NUMBER OF LINES OR STANZA PATTERN
ENGLISH/SHAKESPEREAN SONNET 3 quatrains and couplet; most turn or shift in tone or focus after first 8 lines although placement may vary.
ITALIAN OR PETRARCHAN SONNET FOLLOWS RIME SCHEME ABBA, ABBA, FIRST 8 LINES, NEW RIME LAST 6 LINES
FOUND POETRY ARRANGING PROSE FROM UNLIKELY SOURCES; TRAFFIC SIGNS, NEWS STORIES INTO POEM-LIKE LINES
LIMERICK SHORT, USUALLY COMIC VERSE FORM OF 5 ANAPESTIC LINES, USUALLY RHYMING 3RD, 4TH LINE HAVE 2 STRESSES EACH
LYRIC short poem expressing the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker. often written 1st person, has song like immediacy and emotional force
madigrals short secular songs for 3 or more voices arranged in counterpoint. usually 1 stanza, rarely exceeds 12-13 lines
Petrarchan Italian rhyme pattern first 8 lines abba, abba final 6 follow any pattern as long as it doesn't end in couplet
sonnet popular in love poetry; fixed form of 14 lines, written iambic pentameter, usually made up of an octave (1st 8 lines) and a concluding sestet (6 lines)
Created by: tazmarazz