Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Special Tests

Knee Special Tests

Special TestMethod of Test & Indications
Valgus Stress MCL.Push knee medial while stabilizing ankle. Do in extension & 20° flexion. (+ = tibia moves away from femur; indicative of injury to: extension: MCL, POL, Postmed caps, ACL, PCL, Semimemb. flexion: MCL, POL, PCL, postmed capsule.
Varus Stress LCL.Push knee lateral while stabilizing ankle. Do in extension & 20° flexion. (+ = tibia moves away from femur; indicative of injury to: extension-LCL,postlat. capsule,biceps fem ten,PCL,ACL,IT band. flexion-LCL,postlat capsule,IT band,biceps fem. ten
Lachman Test Put knee between extention & 30° flexion. Stabilize femur w/ outside hand and move tibia forward w/ inside hand. (+ = soft end feel; indicates injury to ACL, POL.
Anterior Drawer Start w/ knee flexed to 90° & hip at 45°. Stabilize foot & place hands around tibia & draw forward on femur. (+ = mvmt > 6mm; indicates injury to ACL, postlat caps, postmed caps, MCL, IT band, POL.
Posterior Drawer Knee flexed 80-90 degrees and hip flexed 45 degrees. Push tibia back on femur. (+ = posterior sag; indicative of injury to PCL, POL, ACL.)
Anteromedial Ant. Drawer w/ ER. (+ = Excessive motion; injury to ACL, Postmedial capsule, MCL)
Anterolateral Ant. Drawer w/ IR.(+ = Excessive motion; indicative of injury to LCL, Posterolateral capsule, & ACL)
Posteromedial Post. Drawer w/ ER. (+ = Excessive motion; indicative of injury to PCL, MCL, Posteromedial capsule)
Posterolateral Post. Drawer w/ IR. (+ = Excessive motion; indicative of injury to PCL, LCL, Posterolateral capsule)
McMurray's Supine w/ knee flexed (foot to butt). Medially rotate tibia & flex knee. Repeat w/ laterally rotating tibia. (+ = Snap or click w/ pain; indicative of loose fragment of meniscus. Lateral rotation: medial mensicus. Med rotation: lateral meniscus.
Apley's Compression/Distraction Prone w/ knee flexed to 90°. Medially & laterally rotate tibia w/ distraction. Note restriction, exces. mvmt, pain. Repeat w/ compression. (Rotation+distraction is worse: ligamentous injury. Rotation+compression is worse: meniscus injury.)
Q-angle Angle between quads and the patellar tendon. Draw a line from ASIS to the midpoint of the patella & then another from tibial tubercle to midpoint of patella. This is Q angle. Incr. Q-angle causes lat. tracking, while decr. Q-angle centralizes tracking
Patellar Mobility Ability to move patella superior-inferior, and medial-lateral.
Hughston Plica Test Lies supine. Flex knee & medially rotate tibia w/ 1 hand & press patella medial (heel) & palpate femoral condyle w/ other hand.Flex & extend knee and feel for "popping." Popping indicates a positive test for a plica.
Sweep Test Tests for edema. Compress above knee and milk downward toward knee. Then compress below knee and milk upward toward knee. Look for a bubble of fluid going from one side to the other.
IT Band Tightness (blank)
Created by: 138 Rechow