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Geography Bee

Key Terms

Altitude Height of an object in the atmosphere above sea level
Atlas A bound collection of maps
Basin Area surrounded by higher land
Boundary Shared border between two places
Bay A body of water partly surrounded by land and partly open to a larger body of water
Canal Narrow waterway built for irrigation or navigation
Canyon Deep valley with steep sides carved by a river
Capital City where the government of a country or state is located
Coastline Edge where a continent meets an ocean, gulf or sea
Continent One of the seven largest land areas on earth
Country Land with one government
Delta Body of land at the mouth of a river, often shaped like a triangle
Desert Dry natural region with little rain and few plants
Equator Imaginary line at 0 degrees latitude that divides the earth into Northern and Southern Hemisphere
Glacier Large, slow-moving mass of ice
Globe A model of the earth that correctly represents areas, relative size and shape of physical features, distances, and directions
Gulf Large area of ocean or sea partly surrounded by land
Hemisphere Any half of the earth
Hill Landform that is higher than the land around it but not as high as a mountain
Island Body of land that is completely surrounded by water
Lake Body of water that is completely surrounded by land
Latitiude Distance north or south of the Equator, measured in degrees
Longitude Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees
Map A picture of a place that is usually drawn to scale
Meridian Line of longitude
Mountain High landform, larger and taller than a hill, with either a sharp peak or a rounded top
North Pole Imaginary point that is farther north than any other place on earth
Ocean One of the five largest bodies of water on earth
Parallel A line of latitude
Peninsula Body of land that is almost surrounded by water
Plain Broad area of land that is gently rolling or almost flat
Plateau Vast, high area of land that is mostly level
Region Large area that is different from the areas around it
Reservoir Artificial lake that forms behind a dam on a river
River Long, narrow body of water that flows downhill
Sea Part of an ocean, or any large inland body of salt water
State Part of a country with laws and leaders of its own
Strait Narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water
Territory Part of a country that does not have the full rights of a state
Valley Low area between mountains
Weather Temperature, rain, wind and other conditions of the air outside
Arctic Circle An imaginary circle at latitude 66 degrees 30'N, around the North Pole
Antarctic Circle An imaginary circle at latitude 66 degrees 30'S, around the South Pole
Butte A flat-topped rock or hill formation with steep sides
Cape A pointed piece of land that sticks out into a sea, ocean, lake, or river
Cartography The study and construction of maps
Channel A narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water (like the English Channel). A channel is also a part of a river or harbor that is deep enough to let ships sail through.
Cave A large hole in the ground or in the side of a hill or mountain
Cliff A steep face of rock and soil
Compass Rose A design on a map that shows direction. It points which way is north, south, east, west, and some intermediate directions on the map.
Cove A small, horseshoe-shaped body of water along the coast; the water is surrounded by land formed of soft rock.
Dune A hill or ridge made of sand. Dunes are shaped by the wind and change all the time.
Estuary Where a river meets the sea or ocean
Geyser A natural hot spring that occasionally sprays water and steam above the ground
Landmark A monument or some prominent object (like a mountain or lake) that is used to designate a place and determine one's location
Marsh A type of freshwater, brackish water or saltwater wetland that is found along rivers, ponds, lakes and coasts
Oasis A place in the desert that has water and is fertile
Pond A small body of water surrounded by land and smaller than a lake
Prairie A wide, relatively flat area of land that has grasses and only a few trees
Range A chain of mountains and/or high elevations
Reef An undersea growth of coral near the surface of the water
Swamp A type of freshwater wetland that has spongy, muddy land and a lot of water. Many trees and shrubs grow here.
Tributary A stream or river that flows into a larger river
Volcano A mountainous vent in the Earth's crust. When it erupts, it spews out lava, ashes, and hot gases from deep inside the Earth.
Waterfall When a river falls off steeply
Wetland An area of land that is often wet; the soil is often low in oxygen. There are many types including swamps and marshes.
Created by: geokids