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Ch 10 subst abuse

QuestionAnswer
substance use the ingestion of psychoactive substances in moderate amounts that does not significantly interfere with social, educational, or occupational functioning
psychoactive substances substance, such as a drug, that alters mood or behavior
substance related disorder range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs used to alter the way people think, feel, and behave. extremely costly in human and financial terms
impulse-control disorder dis person acts on an irresistible, but potentially harmful, impulse
poly-substance abuse use of multiple drugs
substance intoxication physiological reaction such as impaired judgement and motor ability, as well as mood change, resulting from the ingestion of a psychoactive substance
substance abuse pattern of psychoactive substance use leading to significant distress or impairment in social and occupational roles and in hazardous situations
substance dependence maladaptive pattern of substance characterized by the need for increased amounts to achieve the desired effect, negative physical effects when the substance is withdrawn, unsuccessful efforts to control its use. also known as addiction
tolerance need for increased amounts of substance to achieve desired effect, and a diminished effect with cont use of same amount
withdrawal severely negative physiological reaction to removal of a psychoactive substance, which can be alleviated by the same or similar sucbstance
withdrawal delirium frighting hallucinations and body tremors that result when a heavy drinker withdraws from alcohol
depressant PSYCHOACTIVE substance that results in behavioral sedation; such substances include alcohol, sedative, hypnotic, drugs
stimulant substances that elevate mood, activity, and alertness amphetamines, caffeine, cocaine, and nicotine
opiate addictive substances such as heroin, opium, or morphine that cause temporary euphoria and pain releif
hallucinogen substances like lsd, marijuana that produce delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, and altered sensory perception
fetal alcohol syndrome pattern of problems, including learning difficulties, behavior deficits, and characteristic physical flaws, resulting from heavy drinking by the victim's mother when she was preggo
barbiturate sedative/ and adictive drug such as amytal, seconal, or nembutal that is used as a SLEEP AID
benzodiazepine antianxiety drug such as valium, also used to treat insomnia some side effects: cognitive and motor impairment, may result in substance dependence. relapse rates are extremely high when the drug is discontinued
Created by: asalas7