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Merrills Ch. 18

Urinary Bladder Pathology

QuestionAnswer
Enlargement of the prostate Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Abnormal concretion of mineral salts, often called a stone Calculus
Carcinoma located in the bladder Bladder Carcinoma
Carcinoma located in the kidney Renal Cell Carcinoma
Abnormality present since birth Congenital Anomaly
Two renal pelvi and/or ureters from the same kidney Duplicate Collecting System
Fusion of the kidneys, usually at the lower poles Horseshoe Kidney
Kidney that fails to ascend and remains in the pelvis Pelvic Kidney
Inflammation of the bladder Cystitis
Abnormal connection between two internal organ s or between an organ and the body surface Abnormal connection between two internal organ s or between an organ and the body surface
Inflammation of the capillary loops in the glomeruli of the kidney Glomerulonephritis
Distension of the renal pelvis and calyces with urine Hydronephrosis
Massive enlargement of the kidney with the formation of many cysts Polycystic Kidney
Inflammtion of the kidney and renal pelvis Pylelonephritis
Increased blood pressure to the kidneys Renal Hypertension
Condition preventing the norm al flow of urine through the urinary system Renal Obstruction
New tissue growth where cell proliferation is uncontrolled Tumor
Most common childhood abdominal neoplasm affecting the kidney Wilms’
Ballooning of the lower end of the ureters into the bladder Ureterocele
Backwards flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters Vesicoureteral Reflux
Created by: danniegiirl