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SIE- App Science II

final review

What is the basic unit of all living things? cells
What are cells composed of? organelles, cytoplasm, cell membrane
What is anabolism? builds
What is catobolism? breaks down
What are the routes of penetration into the skin? hair follicle, sebaceous gland, suderiferous duct, intercellular fluid
What does hypothalamus do? controls some involuntary muscles (like digestion), and manufactures variety of hormones that stimulate the pituitary to make other hormones
What is adrenaline? fight or flight hormone
What happens to your lungs when you are sleepy? you don't get enough oxygen
What are hiccups? involuntary movement of irritated diaphragm
What are the two layers of the dermis? papillary & reticular
What is included in the reticular layer of the dermis? collagen & elastin
What is meant if skin is "permeable"? easily penatrable
What are the layers of the epidermis? corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, basal
What are the glands of the endocrine system? thymus, hypothalamus, pineal, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, testes, ovaries, adrenal, pancreas?
What is connective tissue? group of cells specialized in providing support and cusion for body ex: cartilage & ligaments
What is the foundation of the body? skeletal system
What gas do we exhale? carbon dioxide
What are tissues? group of similar cells that perform a specific funtion
What are all of the body systems? integumentary, circulatory, respiratory, reproductive, endocrine, nervous, cardiovascular
What is anatomy? study of parts of the body visible to naked eye & the relationship between parts
What is physiology? study of the funtion of organs & systems
What is histology? study of microscopic anatomy
Why is metabolism important? nourishes cell
What is the primary protection for the respiratory system? ribs
What are the two types of sudoriferous glands? apocrine & eccrine
What do sebaceous glands secrete? oil
Where do we find the thinnest skin? eyelids
Where do we find the lucidum layer? palms of hands & soles of feet
What are the melanocyte, langerhans, fibroblast, and keratinocyte cells doing for our body? protecting it
What is the most primary function of the skin? protection
What are the functions of the skin? secretion, heat regulation, absorbtion, protection, excretion, sensory
Where are the eccrine glands found? palms of hands & soles of feet
What are the 3 hormones secreted to stimulate growth? thyroxin, iodythonin, calcetonin
What are the 3 substances we don't want to penetrate the skin? cleansers, sunscreen, makeup foundation
What is the adam's apple? thyroid cartilage
What does the anterior pituitary secrete? trophic hormones and growth hormone
What does the posterior pituitary secrete? ADH & oxytocin
What are striae? stretchmarks
What is pregnancy mask called? melasma
What is the muscle that separates the thoracic from the abdominal cavity? diaphragm
Pregnancy acne is usually worse during which months? 1-2
Winter depression (Seasonal Affective Disorder) is a disorder of which gland? pineal
Which two systems work to supply oxygen and eliminate CO2? cardiovascular and respiratory
Created by: Lizziewiz