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SoCL Ch 6


measurement = the process of devising strategies for classifying subjects by categories to represent variable concepts.
give a real life example of a unit of measurement, and a few variable attributes (quantitative) unit of measurement = voters (individual citizens), and the question is how many will vote democrat, vs. republican? measuring is numerical and straighforward, no deviation (like one of the ppl is 'kinda' democrat)
quanititative research = research that is focused on VARIABLES, including their description and relationship *** measurement is central to this type of research, as it involves either percentages or numbers, some kind of 'count'.
qualitative research = research that is less focused on variables - more concerned with interpreting action and sorting out meaning...using individual cases mostly.
compare/contrast quantitative and qualitative research: measurement methods, sampling methods, etc. quant involves numbers/percentages/quotas,the VARIABLE is most important. studies vast # of cases (from afar - 3rd parties provide info) qual has WAY fewer cases, but is individualized & well-rounded (use of interviews, surveys, 1st person stories)
measure - the connection with 'concepts'...and some examples ** = the detailed, specific way of categorizing variables into recognizable, concept-influenced categories. this is a difficult thing to do, since concepts vary between people,depending on: past/culture/influenc ('imposter,'fatherhood','suicide','power')
concept words or signs that refer to phenomena that share common characteristics; they are vague, insubstantial symbols that most recognize, but these ideas always need clarification just to BE SURE it is widely understood what said concept means.
dimensions aspects or parts of a larger concept
name some problems of attempting to use measurement in qualitative research....which leads to why the textbook focuses mainly on quantitative studies, researchers, and methods. firstly, the concepts are vague enough, without the precision, accuracy, and backup of all the factual, numerical evidence that quants typically come up with...think about a scenario, and how each group of researcher would analyze it.
how many interpretations can you come up with, for the following concepts: 'murder', immigrant who truly 'made it', 'power', 'love' murder = (-1st degree? -2nd? -intentional & planned? -within the same family? -location of body?- means of death? -made it' = (job, money,jewelry,house,car,success w/ language,acquirement of green card) - what if we just wanted to know 'how many murders?'
indicators observations that we think reflect the presence or absence of the phenomenon to which a concept refers
multidimensionality the degree to which a concept has more than one discernible aspect. (like with the study done by Warr and Ellison - 2000- which first defined the main object: fear of crim. Then separated it into 'altruistic' and 'personal'
operationalism the process of specifying what particular indicator(s) one will use for a variable.
Created by: knowak