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Developmental Test

Chapter 7

Importance of Language -Is language uniquely human? -What would life be like without language?
Sounds -Prefer language from birth -Sensitive to differences in letters -Sensitivity important for distinguishing meaning later
Language Aspect -Receptive language -Nonverbal language
Vocabulary -Around 1st birthday- 1st word -300 words by 24 months -Nouns vs. verbs -Focus on moving objects -Uses words to evoke a response from adult -Fast-mapping
Vocabulary Errors Underextension: One word= one specific object Overextension: One word= too many objects Ambiguous: Words can have different meanings Abstraction: Unable to be more specific in labeling
Fast-Mapping -The ability to gain at least partial meaning from how it is used in a sentence or familiar context -Understand categorical nature of words
Combining Words -Holophrase -One of two words combined with gesture -Telegraphic speech -Short and simple
Grammar and Vocabulary -Complexity and size of vocabulary -Correlated -Questions and negative -Start by using no or not, before don't -Over-regularization -Apply basic rules to irregular words
Communal use of words -Pragmatics -Rules of social language -Changing language according to listener or situation -Following rules for conversation and story telling -Figurative speech -Begin using metaphors
Environmental Theories -Linguistic environment -Children raised in poverty use shorter and less complex sentences -Infant-directed speech -Higher pitch and slower -Deaf Children -Goldin-Meadow
Nativist (Biological) Noam Chomsky -Preprogrammed for language -Language acquisition device(LAD)
Biological Biological impairment -Left hemisphere -Broca aphasia -Wernicke aphasia
Constructive -Innate ability, but environment(child and parent interaction) also important -Creating schemas -Child -Seeks knowledge from parents
Cultural -Children from different cultures show similar developments in language. Differences -Nouns vs. verbs -Cultures put emphasis on different words and parts of a word. This influences what the child may learn first. -Some differences -Nouns vs
Media and Language -Can improve language if educational and geared toward children -Sesame street is better than sponge bob?
Do we thing words? -Lingustic relativity hypothesis -Perceptions and thoughts are shaped by the language we speak -Language does influence thoughts and memories -This is not language shaping thoughts
Created by: 1350900100
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