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E-Prep Lit Terms

Literary terms for MCA-II

A comparison between two UNLIKE things using "like" or "as". "Cheadle is like the wind." simile
A comparison between two UNLIKE things stating one thing is another. "Cheadle is the wind." metaphor
The storyline of a novel, movie, short story. What happens in the story. plot
Clues of what's to come later on in the plot. foreshadowing
The beginning of any story: we learn the setting, characters, and major conflict. exposition
Creating tension and excitement in a story. suspense
The turning point or high emotional connection in any story. climax
A device in which the word itself sounds like the concept it represents, like "buzz" and "ding." onomatopoeia
A device in which an inanimate object is described as if it had human characteristics. "The coffee cup beckoned to me from across the room." personification
Extreme exaggeration, used for effect. "I have a million things to do today." hyperbole
The writer describes events in such a way that the reader can experience them; lots of description and sensory language is used. imagery
Description that appeals to sight, taste, smell, touch, and hearing. "The pudding was like chocolate satin." sensory language
A story; anything written in story form. narrative
Two or more characters speak to each other in a narrative, usually with the use of quotation marks. dialogue
The time and place in which a story takes place (and both parts are required). Ex: 1960s Chicago. setting
How a writer makes characters come alive for the reader; how the reader learns things about the characters (what they say, do, think, how others react, what the author says.) Direct and Indirect. characterization
The part of the story where we get more complications, heading toward the climax. rising action
What is causing the problems for the main character in a story; three basic types, and there can be more than one in a story. conflict
A type of conflict in which the main character is having problems with other characters. man vs. man
A type of conflict in which the main character is having problems with natural events (ex: volcano, earthquake, etc.) man vs. nature
A type of conflict in which the main character is having problems with his own desires or personality (ex: too afraid to join the talent show). man vs. himself
The main character in any story or movie. Can be "good" or "bad." protagonist
The character that crosses the main character in any story. antagonist
A twist in a story; the unexpected happens. situational irony
The reader or audience knows more than a character, creating tension. dramatic irony
Sarcasm; saying the opposite of what you really mean. verbal irony
The patters of rhymes in a poem. (Ex: ABAB, ABCABCDD) rhyme scheme
How the poem is placed on the page; its visual arrangement. form (of a poem)
What happens in the plot as a direct result of the climax. falling action
The ending of a story; things are put in order. resolution
Created by: MsKarlaO
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