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9 Weeks S 2011

NATANSON 9 WEEKS EXAM

QuestionAnswer
Humanistic psychology emphasized free will
Behaviorists studied measurable overt behaviors for objective data
Evolutionary psychology a key motivator of behavior is the drive to spread genetic material
Nature influence evolutionary psychology
nurture influence (environment) behavioral psychology
cognitive perspective concerned with ways we interpret our life experiences
distinctive feature of psychodynamic perspective emphasis on unconscious conflicts
different perspectives often complement one another
experiments only method to assess cause and effect relationships
random sample each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected
statistically significant results probably did not happen by chance
experiments determine causal relationships by isolating the effects of independent variables on dependent variables
Correlation the extent to which two variables vary together
More likely a correlation phrase (it doesn’t imply cause and effect)
Institutional Review Boards evaluate research proposals for ethical issues, Synapse
decision making brain area frontal lobe
hunger regulation structure hypothalamus
produce accurate speech Broca's area
regulating arousal reticular formation
closure incomplete stimulus perceived as whole
top-down processing expectations can effect perception
perceptual adaptation the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced visual field
Memories can be linked with sense of smell
connectedness and closure sensations are organized into meaningful patterns
classical conditioning associative learning of paired stimuli
generalization tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar responses
discrimination distinguishing between a conditioned stimulus and similar stimuli that does not signal an unconditioned stimulus
operant conditioning associative learning; pairing a response with a stimulus
latent learning learning that occurs, but not seen seen until there is some reinforcement or incentive to demonstrate it
continuous reinforcement reinforcment for each instance or desired behavior; results in quickest learning
prolonged viewing of media violence related to increased rates of violent behavior
encoding first step in the information processing theory of memory
short term memory capacity approximately 7 items
cerebellum procedural knowledge storage: how to ride a bike
long-term potentiation increase in synaptic firing potential that contributes to memory formation
hippocampus processes explicit (semantic & episodic) memory
retrieval cues clues or prompts that trigger the retrieval of long-term memory
Created by: ninacn