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RCP113 General Q&A

Q&A regarding respiratory drugs, applications, & physiology

QuestionAnswer
A Pt experiences dizziness and tingling after a bronchodilator treatment, what could be the reason? Probably because of the Pts increased minute ventilation and breathing pattern (aka Respiratory Alkalosis)
Name 2 indications for recommending an MDI spacer? Pt's reduced tidal volume or Pt's poor coordination of MDI.
Name the 3 pulmonary reactions to histamine. Brochoconstriction Secretions Mucosal Edema
What is the cardiopulmonary effect of Alpha stimulation? Vasoconstriction
What is the cardiopulmonary effect of Beta 1 stimulation? Tachycardia
What is the cardiopulmonary effect of Beta 2 stimulation? Bronchodilation
What organ is the site of drug metabolism? The liver
Agonist means what pharmacologically? A drug that binds to a receptor site and stimulates a reaction.
Antagonist means what pharmacologically? A drug that prevents or counteracts receptor stimulations (usually blocks by binding to the receptor)
What branch of the CNS is responsible for the "tone" or normal degree of bronchoconstriction? Parasympathetic
What does it mean when an antimicrobial agent ends in "cidal"? Cidal indicates the drug is used to kill the pathogen.
What does it mean when an antimicrobial agent ends in "static"? Static means the drug is used to inhibit the growth or spread of a pathogen.
What is the name given to "Live" vaccines? Attenuated-Uses live but weakened microorganisms
Whit is the name given to "Killed" vaccines? Inactivated-Uses dead organisms and provides less immunity than live
Name 3 bronchodilators used in continuous nebulization for sever brochospasm? Terbutaline-up to 12mg/hr Albuterol-up to 20mg/hr Xopenx-up to 5mg/hr
Created by: JimStry