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ch 27. merrills

pediatric ch 27

What are the 2 problem areas in a rad techs confidence when imaging the pediatric patient? immobilization, communication
The child will be more at ease if this is done. prepare the room
How many patients are you dealing with when it comes to a pediatric patient? 2, parent and child
When imaging a child, how should you approach a child and parent? Speak to the child and the parent, Use age appropriate language for the child, eye level with the shild
If a child is too young to communicate, what do you do? explain the procedure in simple terms to the parent
What should you do if the parent of a patient becomes angry or upset? Introduce yourself, then escort them to a more private area and explain the procedure to them
What are an infants age specific needs? warmth, security, nourishmane
What are the specific needs for the 6 month to 2 years age group? fearful of pain, seperation anxiety, movement limitations
What are the specific needs for the 2 to 4 years age group? curious, enjoy role play and games, fantasy
What are the specific needs for the 6 to 8 years age group? eager to plaese, easy to communicate with, very modest
What age group is the easiest to radiograph for the new tech or student? 6 to 8 years
When considering the special needs patient, what should you do? begin comunication with the child, If unsuccessful, talk to parent and remember to make eye contact with the child also
Which type of patient is the least stressed about the exam? The outpatient
What is the greatest risk for a premature infant? hypothermia
What special concerns should you have about a patient with a Myelomeningocele? They need to be done prone due to the open wound in their spinal canal
What is a Omphalocele? hereniation of abdominal contents of sort. Covered by a thin membranous sac
What is a Gastroshisis? herenation lateral to the umbilicus region with abdominal contents of sort and no layer of covering for protection
What is one of the most dangerous causes of an acute upper airway obstruction in children? epiglottitis
What are some important things to remember when imaging a child with Osteogenesis Imperfecta? Approach patient as a team, better for the patient if exam can be done on cart or in the bed, decrease your technique factors
Who do you inform if you suspect a child is being abused? the radiologist or attending physician
What are the 2 most common types of immobilizers? pigg-o-stat, octagonal immobilizer
Which immobilizer do you use if you anticipate multiple exams are needed on the patient? octagonal immobilizer
when imaging an infant, when should the exposure be made? at the end of a cry
What imaging criteria must be met before taking an x-ray on a child? no rotation of hips, remove diaper
What are the 3 unique pediatric exams? bone age, scolosis, foreign body aspiration
What is bone age used for? determine the skeletal maturation
What exam must be done to determine foreign body aspiration? Lateral soft tissue of the neck
What is scolosis? the presense of one or more lateral-rotary curvatures of the spine
What is main usage for MRI in children? evaulation of spinal abnormalities
What modality is used for Myelography? CT
What is the name of the disease or pathlogical condition when there is an incomplete seperation of the tibial tuberosity? Oshgood-Schlatters Disease
This is an incomplete fracture in a pediatric patient? greenstick fracture
This is a benign bone tumor with a cartliaginous cap? Osteochondroma
Created by: radgirl37