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Ch.4 Learning Psych.

Mostly Vocab.

Define Acquisition: The process of developing and strengthening a CR through repeated pairing of NS with an US.
Give an example of acquisition: Pairing the tone(NS) with the food(US) so that in the end the NS become a CS which elicit the CR (FOOD).
Define Asymptote: The MAXIMUM amount of conditioning that can take place in a particular situation.
Define Extinction: The process by which a CR can be weakened or eliminated when the CS is repeatedly presented in the absence of the US.
Give an example of Extinction: The tone(CS) is repeatedly presented without the food(US) therefore eliminating the salvation response(CR) when just the tone is played.
Spontaneous Recovery: The reappearance of a CR following a rest period AFTER extinction.
Give an example of Spontaneous Recovery: The next day after a rest period, the tone("NS") is played and it elicit salvation.
Define Disinhibition: The sudden recovery of a response DURING an extinction procedure when a novel stimulus is introduced.
Give an example of Disinhibition: If the association between the CS(TONE) and the CR(SALVATION) is being eliminated then during the procedure, a new or novel stimulus such as a door closing is given, the old CR is elicited.
Define Stimulus Generalization: The tendency for a CR to occur in the presence of a stimulus that is similar to the CS.
Give an example of Stimulus Generalization: The dog centralizing the tone with a similar but lower tone.
Semantic Generalization: The generalization of a CR to verbal stimuli that are similar in MEANING to the CS.
Give an example of Semantic Generalization: If humans were exposed to a conditioning procedure un which the sight of the word car is paired with shock other words like automobile will elicit the same response.
Stimulus Discrimination: The tendency for a response to be elicited more by one stimulus than another.
Give an example of Stimulus Discrimination: The dog can tell the difference between the two tones pressnted,One of which is the CR.
Define Experimental neurosis: Experimentally produced disorder in which animals exposed to unpredictable events develop neurotic likr symptoms.
Give an example of Experimental neurosis: Giving a animal two tones to differentiate between and it confusing the dog to the point that all they can do is bark and whine.
Describe Eysenck's Theory: The distinction between introversion and extroversion. In very general terms, introverts are individuals who are highly reactive to external stimulation condition easily. Extroverts, are less reactive.
Define Higher Order Conditioning: A stimulus that is associated with a CS can also become a CS.
Give an example of Higher Order Conditioning: A trash bin being able to elicit fear in association with bees and their stings.
Which elicits the weaker response, CS1 or CS2? CS2
What does CER stand for? Conditioned Emotional Response
What number of higher order conditioning does the book go to? Could there be more? 3, First-order conditioning, 2nd-Order Conditioning, and 3rd-Order Conditioning.
Define Sensory Preconditioning: When on stimulus is conditioned as a CS, another stimulus it was previously associated with can also become a CS.
Give an example of Sensory Preconditioning: Associating a toolshed with wasps and then acquiring a fear of wasps as a result of being stung, you might also feel anxious when walking near the toolshed.
Define Latent Inhibition: Neutral stimuli that are familiear are most difficult to condition as CS's than are unfamiliar stimuli.
Define Compound Stimulus: consists of the simultaneous presentation of two or more individual stimuli.
Overshadowing: the most salient member of a compound stimulus is more readily conditioned as a CS and thereby interferes with conditioning of the least salient member.
Blocking: The presence of an established CS interferes with conditioning of a new CS. *Compound consists of ONE neutral stimulus and a CS.
Temporal Conditioning: a form of classical conditioning in which the CS is the passage of time.
Occasion Setting: a procedure in which a stimulus signals that a CS is likely to be followed by the US with which it is associated.
External Inhibition: the presentation of a novel stimulus at the same time as conditioned stimulus produces a decrease in the strength of the conditioning response.
US Revaluation: involves the postconditioning presentation of the US at a different level of intensity, thereby altering the strength of response to the previously conditioned CS.
Pseudoconditioning: an elicited response that appears to be a CR is actually the result of sensitization rather than conditioning.
Give an example of Pseudoconditioning: Conditioning a leg withdrawal reflex, in a dog by presenting a light flash followed by a slight shock to its foot. Pg 158
Ex. of US Revaluation: Pg. 157
Created by: kimsingleton23
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