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Levels of Processing

Cognative Psychology, Exam 2

Hyde & Jenkins (1969) essentially created the incidental learning task. The incidental learning task demonstrates that how we process information determines how well it is later remembered.
Incidental learning task people are asked to make judgments about stimuli without knowing that they will be asked to recall stimuli
Craik & Lockhart (1972) Level of Processing Model
Level of Processing Model Proposed that information is retained according to the level of processing it has undergone on a SHALLOW to DEEP continuum.
Level of Processing (Shallow) Shallow processing results in a fragile memory trace (can be compared with the short term memory of the Atkinson-Shiffrin Model)
Atkinson-Shiffrin Model
Level of processing (deep) Memory makes it to LTM
Memory rehersal Memories that are encoded and are rehersed one of two ways to determine the level of processing. maintenance rehearsal and elaborative rehersal
Maintenance rehearsal the repetition of the information in the form it is presented
Elaborative Rehearsal is the association of prior images and experiences with the new information (focus is on to meaning)
Craik and Watkins (1973) Experiment on Maintenance Rehearsal: Does longer maintenance lead to transference to long term memory? (Yes, but very slight. More rehersal does not yield empirical results)
Created by: franklyfrank
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