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thyroid

QuestionAnswer
which lab is done to screen for hypo or hyper-thyroidism? TSH but may also check T4 and T3
what are some signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism? thickened skin, lethargy, constipation, anorexia, hair loss, cold, dry brittle hair, depression
what are some signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism? weight loss, increased appetite, muscle weakness, palpitations, irritability, nervousness, sleep disorders, flushing, heat intolerence, tremors, exophthalmos, tachycardia
what is the primary drug for hypothyroidism? levothyroxine sodium (synthroid)
what are the primary drugs for hyperthyroidism? propylthiouracil (PTU) and iodides (for mild)
what should the patient do before administering synthroid? check pulse (<100)
if the TSH is high, what does this mean? Remember negative feedback mechanism caused by low levels of circulating thyroid hormone
when should patients take synthroid? before breakfast
which side effect should you watch for with PTU (hyperthyroidism)? agranulocytosis (sore throat, fever, headache)
what is cretinism? congenital hypothyroidism? (children and babies)
what is the most common type of hypothyroidism? primary
in hypothyroidism, will the TSH be high or low? high (negative feedback mechanism)
in hypothyroidism, will the T4 be increased or decreased? decreased
what hormone stimulates the thyroid gland to function? TSH
what hormones are produced by the thyroid gland? T3 and T4
what is primary hypothyroidism? when the thyroid gland is not able to perform one of its functions
what happens in secondary hypothyroidism? no TSH is secreted from the pituitary gland
what happens in tertiary hypothyroidism? no TRH is released from the hypothalamus
what is myxedema? severe hypothyroidism in adults
what are some foods that may inhibit thyroid secretion? strawberries, peaches, pears, cabbage, turnips, spinach, kale, brussels sprouts, califlower, radishes, peas
synthroid will INCREASE the effects of coumadin (blank)
Synthroid will DECREASE the effect of insulin and oral antibiotics (blank)
Digoxin and lithium will ENCREASE the action of synthroid (blank)
Created by: lyndsey_168
 

 



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