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Mod 33

Psychoanalytic Perspective

In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarassing. psychoanalysis
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. psychoanalasys
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologist, information processing of which we are Unaware. unconscious
Freud's idea of the mind's structure Psychologists have used an iceberg image to illustrate Freud's idea that the mind is mostly hidden beneath the conscious surface. Fig. 33.1
id contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. the id operates on lthe pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
ego the largely conscious , "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires to bring pleasure rather than pain.
superego the part of personality tht according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement (the conscience) and for futrue aspirations.
psychosexual stages the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
A boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. Oedipus complex
Pleasure centers on the mouth- sucking, biting, chewing Freud's oral stage (0-18 months)
Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination; coping with demands for control Freud's anal stage (18-36 months)
Pleasure zone is the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings Freud's phallic stage (3-6 years)
Dormant sexual feelings Freud's latency stage (6yrs to puberty)
Maturation of sexual interests Freud's genital stage (puberty on)
the process by which children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos. identification
a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage,in which conflicts unresolved. fixation
In psychoanlytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality. defense mechanisms
In psychoanlytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiey-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness. repression
Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psycosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated. regression
Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings tht are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings. reaction formation
Psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others. projection
defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions. rationalization
Psychoanalytic defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet. displacement
Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history. collective unconscious
a personality test, such as the Rorschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli designed t trigger projection of one's inner dynamics. projective test
a projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes. Thematic Apperception Test
The most widely used projective test, aset of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analylsing theri interpretations of the blots. Rorschach inkblot test
Created by: Msmlb_93
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