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CulturalAnthropolog

2351

QuestionAnswer
Definition of Anthropology Holistic study of human kind past, present, and future, various aspects of human evolution, development and culture
Physical Anthropology Study of human and non-human primate evolution and form.
Morphology attributes/characteristics of what you see.
Osteology Study of the human skeletal stucture.
Primatology Study of non-human primates.
Ethology Study of animal behavior
Cultural Anthropology Study of human groups.
Archaeology Hollistic study of past human behavior.
Ethnography Observation and description of cultures. Involves going out in the field to study:observing and participating
Ethnology Comparative culture studies:comparing info data sets.
Ethnohistory Written records and photography:including explorers, travelers, and missionaries.
Oral Historians info. transmitted across generation by word of mouth:not written down.
Culture Complex whole which includes knowledge belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by human as a memeber of society
Enculturation a child learns his or her culture
Society Group of people who occupy a specific locality and who share the same cultural traditions.
National Culture Shared by citizens of same nation.
International Culture Extends beyond national boundaries
Subcultures Different symbol-based traditions of groups in same society.
Symbols verbal or non-verbal, within a particular language or culture, that stands for something else.
core values set of characteristics: key,basic, central values.
hominins used for the group that leads to humans but not chimmps and gorillas and that encompasses all the human species that have ever existed.
universal found in every culture
generalities common to several but not all human groups
particularities unique to certain cultural traditions
diffusion cultural borrowing
nuclear family a kinship group consisting of parents and children
Ethnocentrism tendency to view ones own culture as superior and to apply ones own cultural values in judging behavior and beliefs of people raised in other cultures.
cultural relativism viewpoint that behavior in one cultural should not be judged of another culture.
acculturation first hand contact
independant invention changesin a culture
Created by: ashleymatthews
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