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Drug classes-

Drug classification by prefix or suffix

suffix or prefixdrug categoryclass or actionQuick Facts
-cycline antibiotic tetracyclines
-floxacin antibiotic fluoroquinolones -Pregnancy category C -broad spectrum antibacterial drugs -can cause photosensitivity contraindicated in children under 18 due to joint,cartilage, and tendon probs
ceph-, cef- antibiotic cephalosporins -Pregnancy category B -similar chemical structure to PCN -May cause allergic reaction to PCN
-cillin antibiotic penicillins -Pregnancy category B -causes diarrhea and skin irritation -taking along with probiotic can prevent diarrhea and yeast infections
-cyclovir antiviral anti-herpetics
-pril antihypertensive angiotensin coverting enzyme- inhibitors (ACEI'S) -Side effects are angiodema and dry cough -Not generally used in pregnancy (category C in 1st trimester, category D in 2nd/3rd trimesters)
-sartan antihypertensive angiotensin II receptor- blockers (ARB'S) -Not generally used in pregnancy (category C in 1st trimester, category D in 2nd/3rd trimesters) -No dry cough and less angiodema than ACEI's
-osin antihypertensive, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) a 1-receptor blockers
-dipine antihypertensive calcium channel blockers (CCB'S) -Constapation side effect of Verapamil -Flushing, reflex tachycardia and edema side effect Nifedipine
-statin antihyperlipidemia HMG-Coa Reductase inhibitors -Pregnancy category X -Leg cramps, muscle degeneration and liver damage -Liver function tests required -Taken in evening
-glitazone antidiabetic thiazolidinediones
-glinide antidiabetic meglitinides -Take 15 to 30 mins before a meal -Meglitinides shouldnt be taken with any Sulfonylureas bc of similar action
-dronate osteoporosis bisphosphonates -With 6-8oz of water -First thing in morning before any food or drink -Do not lie down, eat, drink for 30 minutes after taking
-tidine anti-ulcer H2-receptor antagonists
-prazole anti-uler proton pump inhibitors (PPI'S) -Decrease acid in stomach -When used with 2 antibiotics, can treat H. Pylori -Dosed once daily -May take 24 to 48 hrs to feel drugs effect
-triptan anti-migraine 5-HTI receptor antagonist (TRIPTAN'S) -Must wait 2 hours before taking 2nd dose -Do not use in patient's with coronary artery disease
-pam, -lam anti-anxiety/ hypnotics benzodiazepines (BZD'S) -Controlled Substance CIV -Cause sedation and impair motor function. Do not drink or drive
-pramine antidepressants tricyclic antidepressants (TCA'S) -Common side effect is sedation (may be used to treat insomnia)
-triptyline antidepressants tricyclic antidepressants (TCA'S) -Common side effect is sedation (may be used to treat insomnia)
-ine antidepressants selective serotonic reuptake inhibitors (SSRI'S) -Suicidal tendencies and sexual dysfunction -May take 6 weeks for full effect
-one anti-inflammatory corticosteroids
-steride benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) 5a-Reductase inhibitors
-nacin overactive bladder and incontinence anticholinergics
-fil erectile dysfunction PDE5-inhibitors
-terol pulmonary B-agonists
-mide -nide antihypertensive loop diuretics -take in morning due to increased urination -Taken with KCL due to excretion of potassium
-olol -lol antihypertensive Betablockers 1 + 2 -Do not stop taking abruptly -Lightheadedness -B1 is heart/kidneys -B2 is lungs/pancreas (caution using with asthma/COPD, diabetes)
-thiazide antihypertensive diuretics -take in morning due to increased urination -Taken with KCL due to excretion of potassium
-mycin antibiotic macrolides -Pregnancy category B & C -Alternate antibiotics for pts allergic to penicillin -Claithromycin has metallic taste -Azithromycin not taken with antacids
Created by: dav72888
 

 



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