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Med Term Review LN12

Lesson 12 - Endocrine System

MedTermDefinition
acr/o/megaly enlargement of the extremities
aden/oma tumor composed of glandular tissue
aden/o/megaly enlargement of a gland
aden/o/sis abnormal condition of a gland
adrenal/ectomy excision of a gland
adrenal/itis inflammation of an adrenal gland
adrenal/o/path/y (any) disease of the adrenal gland
endo/crin/e to secrete within
endo/crin/o/logist specialist (physician) who studies and treats diseases of the endocrine system
endo/crin/o/logy study of the endocrine system
glyc/em/ia condition of glucose in the blood
hyper/glyc/em/ia condition of excessive glucose in the blood
hyper/thyroid/ism state of excessive thyroid activity
hypo/glycem/ia condition of deficient glucose in the blood
hypo/thyroid/ism state of deficient thyroid activity
poly/dips/ia condition of much thirst
poly/ur/ia condition of much urine
thym/ectomy excision of the thymus gland
thym/ic pertaining to the thymus gland
thym/oma tumor of the thymus gland
thyroid/ectomy excision of the thyroid gland
Addison Disease chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal secretion of the adrenal cortex
diabetes mellitus chronic disease involving a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by under-activity of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas & resulting in insufficient production of insulin
fasting blood sugar a blood test to determine the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood after fasting for 8-10 hours
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
Graves Disease a disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, goiter & exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyes)
abbreviation for diabetes mellitus DM
abbreviation for fasting blood sugar FBS
Created by: srussel