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Med Term Review LN11

Lesson 11 - Nervous System

Med TermDefinition
a/phas/ia condition of w/o speaking or loss of the ability to speak
cephal/alg/ia condition of pain in the head or headache
cephal/ic pertaining to the head
cerebr/al pertaining to the cerebrum
cerebr/al angi/o/graphy process of radiographic imaging of the (blood) vessels of the cerebrum
cerebr/al thromb/osis abnormal condition of a (blood) clot in the cerebrum
dys/phas/ia condition of difficulty in speaking
electr/o/encephal/o/gram record of electrical impulses of the brain
electr/o/encephal/o/graph instrument used to record electrical impulses of the brain
encephal/itis inflammation of the brain
encephal/o/myel/o/path/y disease of the brain & spinal cord
hemi/pleg/ia condition of paralysis of half (of the body)
mening/itis inflammation of the meninges
mening/o/cele hernia of the meninges
mening/o/myel/itis inflammation of the meninges and spinal cord
myel/o/graphy process of radiographic imaging of the spinal cord
neur/al pertaining to a nerve
neur/alg/ia condition of pain in the nerve
neur/asthen/ia condition of nerve weakness
neur/o/logist specialist (physician) who studies & treats disease of the nervous system
neur/o/logy study of the nerves
neur/o/rrhaphy suture of a nerve
poli/o/myel/itis inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord
poly/my/alg/ia condition of pain of many muscles
poly/neur/itis inflammation of many nerves
psych/o/genic originating in the mind
psych/o/logist specialist who studies & treats the mind
psych/o/logy study of the mind
psych/o/pathy disease of the mind
quadr/i/pleg/ia condition of paralysis of four (limbs)
myel/o/gram radiographic image of the spinal cord
concussion jarring or shaking that results in injury; brain concussion may be caused by slight or sever head injury
concussion symptoms vertigo, headache & loss of consciousness
lumbar puncture diagnostic procedure performed by insertion of a needle into the subarachnoid space usually between the 3rd & 4th lumbarvertebrae; performed for many reasons, including the removal of cereborspinal fluid (also called spinal tap)
multiple sclerosis degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain & spinal cord
paraplegia paralysis from the waist down caused by damage to the lower level of the spinal cord
Parkinson disease chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system; symptoms include resting tremors of the hands & feet, rigidity, expressionless face, & shuffling gait
seizure (convulsion) sudden attack with an involuntary series of contractions
stroke disorder caused by interruption of blood supply to a region of the brain, depriving nerve cells in the affected area of oxygen & nutrients; cells may be damaged or die within minutes.
stroke (2) Speech, movement, memory & other CNS functions may be affected in varying degrees.
transient ischemic attack sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time; symptoms may be similar to stroke, but are temporary & the usual outcome is complete recovery. TIAs are often warning signs for eventual occurrence of stroke
abbreviation for transient ischemic attack TIA
abbreviation for stroke (cerebrovascular accident) CVA
subarachnoid hemorrhage bleeding caused by a ruptured blood vessel just outside the brain (usually a ruptured cerebral aneurysm) that rapidly fills the space between the brain & skull (subarachnoid space) with blood
hydrocephalus disease caused by increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the cranium in infants
abbreviation for Alzheimer disease AD
abbreviation for lumbar puncture LP
abbreviation for multiple sclerosis MS
abbreviation for Parkinson disease PD
Alzheimer disease disease characterized by early dementia, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, restlessness, & impaired memory
electr/o/encephal/o/graphy process of recording the electrical impulses of the brain
mening/o/mlei/o/cele hernia of the meninges & spinal cord
poly/arthr/itis inflammation of many joints
Created by: srussel