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Med Term Review LN10

Lesson 10 - Musculoskeletal System

TermDefinition
arthr/alg/ia condition of pain in a joint
arthr/itis inflammation of a joint
arthr/o/centesis surgical puncture in a joint to remove fluid
arthr/o/chondr/itis inflammation of the cartilage & the jont
arthr/o/desis surgical fusion of a joint
arthr/o/gram radiographic image of a joint
arthr/o/plasty surgical repair of a joint
arthr/o/scope instrument used for visual exam of a joint
arthr/o/scop/ic pertaining to the visual examination of a joint
arthr/o/scopy visual examination of a joint
a/trophy without development
brady/kines/ia pertainint to slow movement
burs/ectomy excision of a bursa
burs/itis inflammation of a bursa
burs/o/tomy incision into the bursa
carp/al pertaining to the carpus (wrist)
carp/ectomy excision of the carpus (wrist) bone
carp/o/pt/osis abnormal condition of a drooping carpus (wrist)
chondr/ectomy excision of cartilage
chondr/itis inflammation of cartilage
chondr/o/cost/al pertaining to the cartilage and rib
chondr/o/malac/ia condition of softening of cartilage
cost/ectomy excision of a rib
crani/al pertaining to the cranium (skull)
crani/o/malac/ia condition of softening of the cranium (skull)
crani/o/schisis fissure of the cranium (skull)
crani/o/tomy incision into the cranium (skull)
dys/kines/ia condition of painful movement
dys/trophy abnormal development
electr/o/my/o/gram record of the electrical activity of the muscles
femor/al pertaining to the femur
hyper/troph/ic pertaining to excessive development
hyper/trophy excessive development
ili/ac pertaining to the ilium
ili/o/femor/al pertaining to the ilium & femur
inter/cost/al pertaining to between the ribs
inter/vertebr/al pertaining to between the vertebrae
ischi/o/cele hernia of the ischium
ischi/o/pub/ic pertaining to the ischium & pubis
kinesi/o/logy study of movement
kyph/osis abnormal condition of a hump (spine)
lord/osis abnormal condition of bent forward (spine)
my/alg/ia condition of muscle pain
my/asthen/ia condition of muscle weakness
necr/osis abnormal condition of death (tissue)
oste/o/arthr/itis inflammation of the bone & the joint
oste/o/malac/ia condition of softening of the bone
oste/o/necr/osis abnormal condition of death of bone tissue
oste/o/pathy disease of the bone
phalang/ectomy excision of bone from the finger or toe
phalang/itis inflammation of the finger or toe bone
pub/o/femor/al pertaining to the pubis & femur
rachi/o/tomy incision into the vertebral column
rachi/schisis fissure of the vertebral column
scoli/osis abnormal condition of a (lateral) crooked , curved spine
spondyl/arthr/itis inflammation of the vertebral joints
stern/al pertaining to the sternum
stern/alg/ia condition of pain in the sternum
stern/o/cost/al pertaining to the sternum & ribs
sub/cost/al pertaining to below the ribs
ten/alg/ia condition of pain in the tendon
tendin/itis inflammation of the tendon
ten/o/desis surgical fusion of a tendon
ten/o/plasty surgical repair of a tendon
ten/o/rrhaphy suture of a tendon
vertebr/al pertaining to the vertebrae
vertebr/ectomy excision of a vertebrae
carpal tunnel syndrome common nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve.
fracture broken bone
gout disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, especially that of the great toe, producing arthritis
herniated disk rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage allowing the contents to protrude & put pressure on the spinal nerve roots
magnetic resonance imaging diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by placing the patient in a strong magnetic field
muscular dystrophy group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle & weakness
nuclear medicine diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by using radioactive material (Nuclear medicine is also used to treat various medical conditions)
orthopedics the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
orthopedist physician who specializes in the study & treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
osteoporosis disease caused by abnormal loss of bone density occurring predominantly in postmenopausal women, which can lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, thoracic & lumbar vertebrae, hips, & wrists
rheumatoid arthritis a chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body
abbreviation for carpal tunnel syndrome CTS
cervical vertebrae C1-C7
abbreviation for electromyogram EMG
abbreviation for fracture fx
lumbar vertebrae L1-L5
abbreviation for magnetic resonance imaging MRI
abbreviation for muscular dystrophy MD
abbreviation for nuclear medicine NM
abbreviation for osteoarthritis OA
abbreviation for orthopedics ortho
abbreviation for rheumatoid arthritis RA
thoracic vertebrae T1-T12
carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms Pain, tingling & numbness in portions of the hand and fingers
Created by: srussel