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Med Term Review LN 8

Lesson 8 - Digestive System

MedTermDefinition
abdomin/o/centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity
a/phag/ia condition of w/o swallowing or loss of the ability to swallow
append/ectomy excision of the appendix
appendic/itis inflammation of the appendix
chol/e/cyst/ectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
chol/e/cyst/itis inflammation of the gallbladder
chol/e/lith/iasis condition of gall stones
col/ectomy excision of the colon
col/itis inflammation of the colon
colon/scopy visual examination of the colon
col/o/stomy artificial opening into the colon
CT colon/o/graphy CT radiographic imaging of the colon
duoden/al pertaining to the duodenum
dys/enter/y painful intestines
dys/peps/ia condition of difficult digestion
dys/phag/ia condition of difficult swallowing
esophag/eal pertaining to the esophagus
esophag/itis inflammation of the esophagus
esophag/o/gastr/o/duoden/o/scopy visual examination of the esophagus, stomach & duodenum
gastr/ic pertaining to the stomach
gastr/ectomy surgical removal of the stomach
gastr/itis inflammation of the stomach
gastr/o/enter/itis inflammation of the stomach & intestines
gastr/o/enter/o/logist specialist (physician) who studies & treats diseases of the stomach & intestines
gastr/o/enter/o/logy study of the stomach & intestines
gastro/o/esophag/eal pertaining to the stomach & esophagus
gastr/o/scope instrument for visual examination of the stomach
gastr/o/scopy visual examination of the stomach
gastr/o/stomy artificial opening into the stomach
gingiv/alg/ia condition of pain in the gums
gingiv/itis inflammation of the gums
gloss/ectomy surgical removal of the tongue
gloss/itis inflammation of the tongue
gloss/o/pathy disease of the tongue
hepat/itis inflammation of the liver
hepat/oma tumor of the liver
hepat/o/megaly enlargement of the liver
ile/o/stomy artificial opening into the ileum
jejun/o/ile/itis inflammation of the jejunum & ileum
lapar/o/scope instrument used for visual examination of the abdominal cavity
lapar/o/scop/ic pertaining to visual examination of the abdominal cavity
lapar/o/scopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity
lapar/o/tomy incision into the abdominal wall
or/al pertaining to the mouth
pancreat/ic pertaining to the pancreas
pancreat/itis inflammation of the pancreas
proct/o/scope instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
proct/o/scopy visual examination of the rectum
rect/al pertaining to the rectum
rect/o/cele hernia of the rectum
sigmoid/o/scope instrument used for visual examination of the sigmoid colon
sigmoid/o/scopy visual examination of the sigmoid colon
sub/lingu/al pertaining to under the tounge
abdominal ultrasonography a diagnostic procedure that is the process of recording images of the internal organs using high-frequency sound waves produced by a transducer placed directly on the skin covering the abdominal cavity
bariatric surgery surgical reduction of gastric capacity to effect significant weight loss in extremely obese individuals
barium enema diagnostic procedure in which a series of radiographic images are taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered rectally (also called lower GI series)
Crohn disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction
diarrhea abnormally frequent discharge of partially solid or fluid fecal matter
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ragiographic examination of the biliary tract & pancreatic ducts with contrast media, fluoroscopy & endoscopy
gastroesophageal reflux disease disorder characterized by the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus
hemorrhoid varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external
hernia protrusion of an organ through a membrane or cavity wall
peptic ulcer eroded area of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach
polyp tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane
ulcerative colitis a disease characterized by inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers
upper GI series a diagnostic procedure in which a series of radiographic images are taken of the stomach & duodenum after the contrast agent barium has been swallowed (also called a barium swallow)
abbreviation for barium enema BE
abbreviation for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERCP
abbreviation for gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
abbreviation for upper GI series UGI series
Created by: srussel