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Med Term Review LN 7

Lesson 7 - Cardiovascular & Lymphatic Systems

Med TermDefinition
angi/o/graphy radiographic imaging of a (blood) vessel
angi/o/plasty surgical repair of a (blood) vessel
angi/o/rrhaphy suturing of a (blood) vessel
arteri/al pertaining to an artery
anteri/o/gram radiographic image of the arteries
arteri/o/rrhexis rupture of an artery
arteri/o/sclerosis hardening of the arteries
brady/cardi/a slow heart rate
cardi/ac pertaining to the heart
cardi/o/logist specialist (physician) who studies & treats diseases of the heart
cardi/o/logy study of the heart
cardi/o/megaly enlargement of the heart
cardi/o/path/y disease of the heart
electr/o/cardi/o/gram record of electrical activity of the heart
electr/o/cardi/o/graph instrument used to record electrical activity of the heart
electr/o/cardi/o/graphy process of recording the electrical activity of the heart
erythr/o/cyt/o/penia abnormal reduction of red (blood) cells
hemat/o/logist specialist (physician) who studies & treats diseases of the blood
hemat/o/logy study of blood
hemat/oma tumor of blood
hem/o/stasis stopping (the flow of) blood
intra/ven/ous pertaining to within a vein
leuk/o/cyt/o/penia abnormal reduction of white (blood) cells
lymph/aden/itis inflammation of lymph glands
lymph/aden/o/path/y disease of the lymph glands
lymph/oma tumor of lymph tissue
myo/cardi/al pertaining to the muscle of the heart
phleb/itis inflammation of a vein
phleb/o/tomy incision into a vein
splen/ectomy surgical removal of the spleen
splen/o/megaly enlargement of the spleen
tachy/cardi/a rapid heart rate
tachy/pne/a rapid breathing
thromb/o/cyt/e (blood) clotting cell
thromb/o/cyt/o/penia abnormal reduction of (blood) clotting cells
thromb/o/genic causing a (blood) clot
thromb/o/phleb/itis inflammation of a vein accompanied by clot(s)
thromb/o/sis abnormal condition of clot(s)
ven/o/gram radiographic image of a vein
anemia disease in which there is a reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the RBC; anemia may be caused by blood loss or decrease in production or increase in destruction of RBC.
aneurysm condition in which there is a ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall
blood pressure pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessel walls; a blood pressure measurement written as systolic pressure (120) & diastolic pressure (80) is commonly recorded as 120/80 mm Hg
abbreviation for blood pressure BP
cardiac catheterization diagnostic procedure performed by passing a catheter into the heart through a blood vessel to examine the condition of the heart & surrounding blood vessels; used most frequently to evaluate chest pain & coronary artery disease
cardiopulmonary resuscitation emergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation & external cardiac massage
abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR
complete blood count laboratory test for basic blood screening that measures hemoglobin, hematocrit, RBC nbr, size & shape, leukocyte count & WBC differential (types of WBC); this easy and rapid test provides a tremendous amt of info about the blood
abbreviation for complete blood count CBC
CBC is the abbreviation for complete blood count
CPR is the abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation
congestive heart failure condition in which there is an inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues & organs with nutrients & oxygen
abbreviation for congestive heart failure CHF
CHF is the abbreviation for congestive heart failure
coronary artery bypass graph surgical technique to bring new blood supply to the heart muscle by detouring around blocked arteries
abbreviation for coronary artery bypass graph CABG
CABG is the abbreviation for coronary artery bypass graph
coronary artery disease a condition that reduces the flow of blood through the coronary arteries to the myocardium, denying the heart tissue of sufficient oxygen & nutrients to function fully (also called heart failure)
abbreviation for coronary artery disease CAD
CAD is the abbreviation for coronary artery disease
embolism sudden blocking of an artery by foreign material, such as air or fat, that enters the bloodstream & moves until it lodges at another point in the circulation
hemorrhage rapid loss of blood, as in bleeding
hypertension blood pressure that is above normal (greater than 140/90 mm Hg)
hypotension blood pressure that is below normal (less than 90/60 mm Hg)
leukemia malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal WBC formed in the bone marrow
myocardial infarction death of a portion of the myocardium caused by lack of oxygen resulting from an interrupted blood supply (also called heart attack)
abbreviation for myocardial infarction MI
MI is the abbreviation for myocardial infarction
pulse the nbr of times per minute the heartbeat is felt on an arterial wall; the pulse rate is most commonly felt over the radial artery; however, the pulsations can be felt over a number of sites, including the femoral (groin) & carotid (neck) arteries
sphygmomanometer instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation & blood pressure measurement
stethoscope instrument used to hear internal body sounds; used for performing auscultation & blood pressure measurement
varicose veins condition demonstrated by distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities
venipuncture a procedure used to puncture a vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion (IV)
abbreviation for intravenous IV
IV is the abbreviation for intravenous
Created by: srussel