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Med Term Review LN 4

Lesson 4 - Respiratory System

Medical TermDefinition
a/pena absence of breathing
bronch/itis inflammation of the bronchi
bronch/o/pneumon/ia disease state of the bronchi & lungs
bronch/o/scope instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
bronch/o/scopy visual examination of the bronchi
capn/o/meter instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
dys/pnea difficult breathing
end/o/scope instrument used for visual examination within
end/o/scopy visual examination within
end/o/scopic pertaining to visual examination within
end/o/trache/al pertaining to within the trachea
hyper/capn/ia condition of excessive carbon dioxide
hyper/pnea excessive breathing
hypo/capn/ia condition of deficient carbon dioxide
hypo/pnea deficient breathing
hypo/x/ia condition of deficient oxygen
laryng/eal pertaining to the larynx
laryng/ectomy surgical removal of the larynx
laryng/itis inflammation of the larynx
laryng/o/scope instrument used for visual examination of the larynx
laryng/o/scopy visual examination of the larynx
muc/oid resembling mucus
muc/ous pertaining to mucus
nas/al pertaining to the nose
ox/i/meter instrument used to measure oxygen
pharyng/eal pertaining to the pharynx
pharyng/itis inflammation of the pharynx
pneumon/ectomy excision of a lung
pneumon/ia diseased state of the lungs
pneum/o/thorax air in the chest (cavity)
pulmon/ary pertaining to the lung
py/o/genic producing pus
py/o/rrhea discharge of pus
rhin/itis inflammation of the nose (nasal membrane)
rhin/o/myc/o/sis abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
rhin/o/rrhagia rapid flow of blood from the nose
rhin/o/rrhea discharge from the nose
sinus/itis inflammation of the sinus
sinus/o/tomy incision into a sinus
thorac/o/centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest (cavity)
thorac/o/scope instrument used for visual examination of the chest (cavity)
thorac/o/scopy visual examination of the chest (cavity)
thorac/o/scopic pertaining to the visual examination of the chest (cavity)
thorac/o/tomy incision into the thorax
trache/o/stomy artificial opening into the trechea
trache/o/tomy incision into the trachea
asthma respiratory disease characterized by coughing, wheezing, & shortness of breath
chest radiograph (x-ray) (CXR) a radiographic image used to evaluate the lungs & heart
chest computed tomography scan (CT) computerized image of the chest created of sections sliced from front to back
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) progressive, irreversible condition characterized by diminished capacity for airflow
emphysema a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease caused by loss of elasticity of the air sacs (alveoli)
influenza (flu) highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory tract
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, & treachea expelled through the mouth
tuberculosis (TB) infectious disease that affects the lungs (may also affect other organs & tissues)
upper respiratory infection (URI) infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, and/or larynx
chest radiograph (also called chest x-ray) CXR (chest radiograph, x-ray)
computerized images created in sections CT (computed tomography scan)
progressive irreversible condition characterized by diminished airflow to & from the lungs COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract caused by a virus flu (influenza)
an infectious disease that affects the lungs TB (tuberculosis)
infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx URI (upper respiratory infection)
Created by: srussel