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Med Term Review LN 2

Lesson 2 - Directional Terms, Planes, Regions, & Quadrants

Medical TermDefinition
anter/ior pertaining to the front
anter/o/later/al pertaining to the front & (one) side
anter/o/medi/al pertaining to the front & middle
anter/o/poster/ior pertaining to the front & to the back
anter/o/super/ior pertaining to the front & above
caud/ad toward the tail
caud/al pertaining to the tail
ceph/al/ad pertaining to toward the head
cephal/ic pertaining to the head
cephal/o/caud/al pertaining to toward the head to tail
dist/al pertaining to away from
dors/al pertaining to the back
dors/o/cephal/ad pertaining to toward the back of the head
infer/ior pertaining to below
infer/o/later/al pertaining to below & one side
later/al pertaining to a side
medi/ad toward the middle
medi/al pertaining to the middle
medi/o/later/al pertaining to the middle & one side
poster/ior pertaining to the back
poster/o/anter/ior pertaining to the back & to the front
poster/o/later/al pertaining to behind & to (one) side
poster/o/super/ior pertaining to back & above
proxim/al pertaining to near
super/ior pertaining to above
super/o/later/al pertaining to above & (one) side
ventr/ad toward the belly
ventr/al pertaining to the belly
ventr/o/dors/al pertaining to the belly & to the back
coronal plane vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior & posterior portions
frontal plane vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior & posterior portions
sagittal plane vertical field passing through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right & left sides
transverse plane Horizontal field dividing the body into upper & lower portions
umbilical region around the navel (umbilicus)
epigastric region directly above the umbilical region
hypogastric region directly below the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions to the right & left of the epigastric region
lumbar regions to the right & left of the umbilical region
iliac regions to the right & left of the hypogastric region
pertaining to the front (abbreviation) ant
pertaining to the front & to the back (abbreviation) AP
pertaining to below (abbreviation) inf
pertaining to the middle (abbreviation) med
pertaining to the side (abbreviation) lat
pertaining to the back (abbreviation) post
pertaining to the back & to the front (abbreviation) PA
pertaining to above (abbreviation) sup
right upper quadrant (abbreviation) RUQ
left upper quadrant (abbreviation) LUQ
right lower quadrant (abbreviation) RLQ
left lower quadrant (abbreviation) LLQ
dors/ad toward the back
Created by: srussel