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Med Term - Lesson 10

Musculoskeletal System

Prefix, Word Root, SuffixDefinition
arthr joint
burs bursa
carp carpus (wrist)
chondr cartilage
cost rib
crani cranium (skull)
femor femur (upper leg bone)
ili ilium
ischi ischium
kinesi movement; motion
kyph hump (spine)
lord bent forward (spine)
necr death (tissue)
oste bone
phalang phalanx (any bone of the fingers or toes)
pub pubis
rachi vertebra; spine; vertebral column
scoli crooked; curved (spine)
spondyl vertebrae; spine; vertebral column
stern sternum (breast bone)
ten tendon
tendin tendon
troph development
vertebr veterbra; spine
-asthenia weakness
-desis surgical fusion (to immobilize)
-malacia softening
-schisis split; fissure
inter- between
carpal tunnel syndrome common nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve.
carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms Pain, tingling & numbness in portions of the hand and fingers
carpal tunnel syndrome abbreviation CTS
fracture broken bone
fracture abbreviation fx
gout disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, especially that of the great toe, producing arthritis
herniated disk rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage allowing the contents to protrude & put pressure on the spinal nerve roots
magnetic resonance imaging diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by placing the patient in a strong magnetic field
magnetic resonance imaging abbreviation MRI
muscular dystrophy group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle & weakness
abbreviation for muscular dystrophy MD
nuclear medicine diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by using radioactive material (Nuclear medicine is also used to treat various medical conditions)
abbreviation for nuclear medicine NM
orthopedics the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
abbreviation for orthopedics ortho
orthopedist physician who specializes in the study & treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system
osteoporosis disease caused by abnormal loss of bone density occurring predominantly in postmenopausal women, which can lead to an increase in fractures of the ribs, thoracic & lumbar vertebrae, hips, & wrists
rheumatoid arthritis a chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body
Created by: srussel