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Med Term - Lesson 8

Digestive System

Prefix, Word Root, SuffixDefinition
abdomin abdomen (abdominal cavity or abdominal wall)
append; appendic appendix
chol gall; bile
col; colon colon (usually the large intestine)
duoden duodenum
enter intestines (usually the small intestine)
esophag esophagus
gastr stomach
gingiv gums
gloss tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
jejun jejunum
lapar abdomen (abdominal cavity or abdominal wall)
lingu tongue
or mouth
pancreat pancreas
peps digestion
phag swallowing; eating
proct rectum
rect rectum
sigmoid sigmoid colon
-algia pain
abdominal ultrasonography a diagnostic procedure that is the process of recording images of the internal organs using high-frequency sound waves produced by a transducer placed directly on the skin covering the abdominal cavity
bariatric surgery surgical reduction of gastric capacity to effect significant weight loss in extremely obese individuals
barium enema diagnostic procedure in which a series of radiographic images are taken of the large intestine after a barium enema has been administered rectally (also called lower GI series)
barium enema abbreviation BE
Crohn disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction
diarrhea abnormally frequent discharge of partially solid or fluid fecal matter
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ragiographic examination of the biliary tract & pancreatic ducts with contrast media, fluoroscopy & endoscopy
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography abbreviation ERCP
gastroesophageal reflux disease disorder characterized by the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus
gastroesophageal reflux disease abbreviation GERD
hemorrhoid varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external
hernia protrusion of an organ through a membrane or cavity wall
peptic ulcer eroded area of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach
polyp tumorlike growth extending outward from a mucous membrane
ulcerative colitis a disease characterized by inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers
upper GI series a diagnostic procedure in which a series of radiographic images are taken of the stomach & duodenum after the contrast agent barium has been swallowed (also called a barium swallow)
upper GI series abbreviation UGI series
Created by: srussel