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Med Term - Lesson 6

Reproductive System

Prefix, Word Root, SuffixDefinition
cervic cervix or neck
colp vagina
gynec woman
hyster uterus
mamm breast
mast breast
men menstruation
metr uterus
orchid testis; testicle
oophor ovary
prostat prostate gland
salping uterine tube (fallopian tube)
scrot scrotum
vagin vagina
vas vessel; duct
-cele hernia; protrusion
-ptosis prolapse or downward displacement; drooping
-rrhexis rupture
dilation & curettage widening of the cervix & scraping the endometrium with an instrument called a curette
dilation & curettage abbreviation D
endometriosis abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows in various areas in the pelvic cavity, including ovaries, uterine tubes, bowels, & uterus
fibroid tumor (myoma) benign tumor of the uterine muscle made up of mainly fibrous tissue
Pap smear a diagnostic stud of cervical & vaginal secretions used to determine the presence of abnormal or cancerous cells
pelvic inflammatory disease inflammation of some or all of the female reproductive organs
pelvic inflammatory disease abbreviation PID
sexually transmitted disease diseases, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and genital herpes, transmitted through sexual contact (also called veneral disease or sexually transmitted infection)STI
sexually transmitted disease abbreviation STD
benign prostatic hyperplasia nonmalignant enlagement of the prostate gland
benign prostatic hyperplasia abbreviation BPH
circumcision surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis
digital rectal examination a physical examination in which the healthcare provider inserts a finger into the rectum & feels for the size & the shape of the prostate gland through the rectal wall; used to screen for BPH & prostate cancer
digital rectal examination (2) BPH usually presents as a uniform, nontender enlargement, whereas cancer usually presents as a stony hard nodule
erectile dysfunction the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse (formerly called impotence)
erectile dysfunction abbreviation ED
digital rectal examination abbreviation DRE
prostate-pecific antigen (PSA) assay a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen , a protein produced by the prostate gland
transurethral resection of the prostate gland a surgical procedure in which successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are removed with an instrument inserted through the urethra
transurethral resection of the prostate gland abbreviation TURP
Created by: srussel