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Med Term - Lesson 2

Directional Terms, Planes, Regions, & Quadrants

Prefix, Word Root, SuffixDefinition
anter front
caud tail (downward)
cephal head (upward)
dist away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
dors back
infer below
later side
medi middle
poster back; behind
proxim near (the point of attachment of a body part)
super above
ventr belly (front)
-ad toward
-ic pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
frontal or coronal plane vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior & posterior portions
sagittal plane vertical field passing through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right & left sides
transverse plane horizontal field dividing the body into upper & lower portions
umbilical region (1) around the navel (umbilicus)
epigastric region (1) directly above the umbilical region
hypogastric region (1) directly below the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions (2) to the right & left of the epigastric region
lumbar regions (2) to the right & left of the umbilical region
iliac regions (2) to the right & left of the hypogastric region
abbreviation for anterior ant
abbreviation for anteroposterior AP
abbreviation for inferior inf
abbreviation for lateral lat
abbreviation for medial med
abbreviation for posterior post
abbreviation for posteroanterior PA
abbreviation for superior sup
abbreviation for right lower quadrant RLQ
abbreviation for left lower quadrant LLQ
abbreviation for right upper quadrant RUQ
abbreviation for left upper quadrant LUQ
Created by: srussel