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Med Term - Lesson 11

Nervous System

Prefix, Word Root, SuffixDefinition
poly- many; much
hemi- half
cephal head
cerebr cerebrum; brain
encephal brain
myel spinal cord
mening meninges
quadr four
phas speech
poli gray; gray matter
psych mind
pleg paralysis
Alzheimer disease disease characterized by early dementia, confusion, loss of recognition of persons or familiar surroundings, restlessness, & impaired memory
Alzheimer disease abbreviation AD
concussion jarring or shaking that results in injury; brain concussion may be caused by slight or sever head injury
concussion symptoms vertigo, headache & loss of consciousness
hydrocephalus disease caused by increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the cranium in infants
lumbar puncture diagnostic procedure performed by insertion of a needle into the subarachnoid space usually between the 3rd & 4th lumbarvertebrae; performed for many reasons, including the removal of cereborspinal fluid (also called spinal tap)
lumbar puncture abbreviation LP
multiple sclerosis degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain & spinal cord
multiple sclerosis abbreviation MS
paraplegia paralysis from the waist down caused by damage to the lower level of the spinal cord
Parkinson disease chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system; symptoms include resting tremors of the hands & feet, rigidity, expressionless face, & shuffling gait
Parkinson disease abbreviation PD
seizure (convulsion) sudden attack with an involuntary series of contractions
stroke (cerebrovascular accident) disorder caused by interruption of blood supply to a region of the brain, depriving nerve cells in the affected area of oxygen & nutrients; cells may be damaged or die within minutes.
stroke (cerebrovascular accident)(2) Speech, movement, memory & other CNS functions may be affected in varying degrees.
stroke (cerebrovascular accident) abbreviation CVA
subarachnoid hemorrhage bleeding caused by a ruptured blood vessel just outside the brain (usually a ruptured cerebral aneurysm) that rapidly fills the space between the brain & skull (subarachnoid space) with blood
transient ischemic attack sudden deficient supply of blood to the brain lasting a short time; symptoms may be similar to stroke, but are temporary & the usual outcome is complete recovery. TIAs are often warning signs for eventual occurrence of stroke
transient ischemic attack abbreviation TIA
Created by: srussel