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Med Term - Lesson 4

Respiratory System

Prefix, Word Root, SuffixDefinition
a-; an- without; absence
endo- within
hyper- above; excessive
dys- difficult; painful; abnormal
bronch bronchus (s); bronchi (pl)
capn carbon dioxide
laryng larynx (voice box)
muc mucus
nas nose
ox oxygen
pharyng pharynx (throat)
pneum lung; air
pneumon lung; air
pulmon lung
py pus
rhin nose
sinus sinus
thorac chest; thorax
trache trachea (windpipe)
-ary pertaining to
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-eal pertaining to
-ectomy surgical removal; excision
-ia diseased state, condition of
-meter instrument used to measure
-pnea breathing
-rrhagia rapid flow of blood
-rrhea discharge; flow
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopic pertaining to visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-thorax chest; thorax
-stomy artificial opening
asthma respiratory disease characterized by coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath (SOB), & constriction of airways
chest radiograph (chest x-ray) a radiographis image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs & the heart (a diagnostic imaging test)
abbreviation for chest radiograph CXR
chest computed tomography scan computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back; used to diagnose tumors & abscesses (a diagnostic imaging test)
abbreviation for chest computed tomography scan CT
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease progressive, irreversible condition characterized by diminished capacity for airflow to & from the lungs; emphysema & chronic bronchitis are types of COPD
abbreviation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD
emphysema a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease caused by loss of elasticity of the air sacs (alveoli) located within the lung causing the body to not receive enough oxygen
influenza highly contagious infection of the upper respiratory tract caused by a virus
abbreviation for influenza flu
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, & trechea expelled through the mouth
tuberculosis an infectious disease that effects the lungs (may also affect other organs & tissues)
abbreviation for tuberculosis TB
upper respiratory infection infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
abbreviation for upper respiratory infection URI
Created by: srussel