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SCC Legal Descrip

*SCC Legal Descriptions

North-South lines in a rectangular property description that are located by reference to longitude Principal Meridians
A measure of land = to 640 acres One Section
Areas of land owned by the property owner, but in which other parties, such as utility companies, may have limited rights, granted for a specific purpose. Easement
The direction of one point or object, with respect to another, where the direction of the line is expressed by the acute angle with respect to a reference meridian Bearing
A method of describing a particular parcel of land in such a way that it uniquely describes the particular parcel and no other. Legal description
A map that shows how a large parcel of land has been divided it into smaller parcels of land. This map may also show public rights-of-way or easements. subdivision plat
Deeds or restrictions that apply to a group of homes or lots in a specific development or 'subdivision. Restrictive Covenants
A law or an act of a city, municipality or local governmental agency. ORDINANCE
A type of easement that gives someone the right to travel across property owned by another person. RIGHT-OF-WAY
Written authorization by the appropriate authority to deviate from standard building code or ordinances. VARIANCE
A principle of real estate law whereby somebody who possesses the land of another for an extended period of time may be able to claim legal title to that land. The exact elements of an adverse possession claim may be different in each state. ADVERSE POSSESSION (also known as "squatter's rights")
A structure or part of a structure that occupies the property of another. Encroachment
A method of describing land by measure of length of the boundary lines. Most common method is to recite direction and length of each line as one would walk around the perimeter. Metes and Bounds
A survey that establishes property corners and land lines. Also called a “Closed Survey” as it starts at one corner and end at the same corner Land or Boundary Surveys
A survey in which the curve of earth is considered Geodetic Surveys
A survey that establishes points without consideration of curve of the earth Plane Surveys
Provides location and elevation of structures Construction Survey
This survey is often called an “Open Survey” because it does not close at starting point but follows a “Routes” such as roads, cannels, power lines, railroads, or pipelines Route Survey
A survey of water such as streams, lakes, rivers, reservoirs, oceans or other bodies of water Hydrographic
A survey done by airplane or satellite that takes a picture of the land Photogrammetric Survey
A survey that determines the elevations of points on the ground and is done to prepare maps to show natural and manmade contours of land such as Hills, valleys, etc. Topographic Surveys
What direction do Principle Meridians run? North and South
What direction do Baselines run? East and West
A map or representation of a subdivision showing the division of a tract of land into lots, blocks, streets, roads, alleys, or other divisions and dedications. A Plat Map
A group of lots, tracts or parcels located within well-defined and fixed boundaries (usually roads). A Block
A fractional part of divided lands having fixed boundaries, being of sufficient area and dimension to meet minimum platting, zoning, and sewage disposal requirements for width and area. A Lot
Right-of-Way A right-of-way is a type of easement that gives someone the right to travel across property owned by another person.
Easement A right given to another person or entity to trespass upon land that person or entity does not own. They may be used for roads, for example or given to utility companies for the right to bury cables or access utility lines.
Datum Any level surface to which elevations are referred to for example, Mean Sea Level.
Benchmark A relatively permanent object, natural or artificial, bearing a marked point whose elevation above or below an adopted datum is know.
Boundary Monument - A material object placed on or near a boundary line to preserve and identify the location of the boundary line on the ground.
Subdivision plat A legal instrument intended to take a large parcel of land and divide it into smaller parcels of land.
Lines that allow the surveyor to adjust for the convergence and other errors in the surveys. Correction Lines
In a Rectangular Land Survey, how often are corrections for the convergence of the earth done After every 4th township Every 24 miles At every 4th township line
Created by: wlove1932



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