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Ancient Rome1

Rozina Gjergji

a type of government in which citizens who have the right to vote select their leaders; the leaders rule in the name of the people republic
member of a wealthy,upper-case family in the ancient Rome Republic patrician
an ordinary citizen in the anceint Roman republic plebeian
one of two officials who led the ancient Roman Republic consul
the latin word for "forbid" the rejection of a bill by the President or of any planned action or rule by a person in power veto
a person in the acient Rome Republic appointed to rule for six months in times of emergency with all the powers of a king dictator
twin brothers according to legand founded Rome in 753b.c Romulus and Remus
who lived in Eturia in Italy from least 650bc to about 500bc lived before the Romans and influenced their culture etruscans
Rome's first emperor wise and strong leader whose rule led to peace and wealth also known as Augustus Octavian
a major river in Italy Rome is built on its banks Tiber River
the capital city of Italy capital of the ancient Roman Empire Rome
a boot-shaped country in southern Europe, including the islands of Sicily and Sardinia Italy
an ancient city on the northern coast of Africa; now a suburb of the city of Tunis Carthage
a region inhabited by the ancient Gauls; now present-day France and parts of Belgium, Germany, and Italy Gaul
a unit of an empire; the provinces of the Roman Empire each had a goveror supported by an army province
a structure that carries water over long distances aqueduct
first Roman emperor; ruled after Julius Ceasar's death in 44b.c until his own death Augustus Caesar
emperor of rome from, one of Rome's greatest emperors worked to unify the empire Hadrian
a country in Mediterranean europe site of a great ancient civilization Greece
a large amphithearte built in Rome around site of contests and combats between people and animals Colosseum
an arena in ancient Rome also the show held there circus
Roman poet wrote poems about the early roman empire Martial
writer philosopher and statesman of ancient rome Seneca
a savior in Judaism and Christianity messiah
a follower of a person or belief disciple
in the christian Bible the books of Matthew, Mark , Luke , and John which are the first four books of the New Testament Gospel
a letter in the christian Bible letters written by disciples like Paul to Christian groups epistle
a person who chooses to die for a cuse he or she believes in martyr
founder of Christianity believed by Christians to be the Messiah executed by the Roman government followers said he spoke to them after the death and rose bodily to heaven Jesus
disciple of Jesus spent his later life spreading Jesus teachings his writings helped turn Christianity into an organized religion Paul
Roman emperor from known for his mistreatment of Christians Nero
a present day of Israel Judea
a foreign soldier who serves in an army only for pay mercenary
an economic situation in which there is more money of less value inflation
emperor of Rome from encouraged the spread of Christianity constantine
emperor of Rome from reorganized the Roman government diocletian
the ancient capital of Byzantium now Istanbul Turkey Constantinople
Roman political and military leader became dictator for life in 44 b.c greatly improved the roman government was murdered by Roman senators because of his great power Julius Ceaser
is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, about 80 kilometres long, running from the Apennine Mountains to the Adriatic Sea through the southern Emilia-Romagna region, between the towns of Rimini and Cesena. Rubicon River
was the Latin term for a geographical area of land on the east bank of the Rhine (inner Germania), which included regions of Sarmatia Germania
the greatest and best-known Roman orator and the author of many famous speeches; also famous as a philosopher and politician Cicero
Latin (lingua latīna, IPA: [laˈtiːna]) is an Italic language[3] originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Latin
In statistics and demography, a cohort is a group of subjects who have shared a particular time together during a particular time span[1] (e.g., people born in Europe between 1918 and 1939; cohort
was the most notable leader of the slaves in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. Spartacus
was an ancient Greek[2][3] queen and the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Cleopatra
The toga, a distinctive garment of Ancient Rome, was a cloth of perhaps twenty feet (6 metres) in length which was wrapped around the body toga
were a diverse group of tribal societies in Iron Age and Roman-era Europe who spoke Celtic languages.[1] Celts
a sovereign state in north western Europe Britain
Helvetia is the female national personification of Switzerland, officially Confœderatio Helvetica, the "Helvetic Confederation". Helvetian
was a small silver coin first minted in 211 BC denarii
were one of two main branches of the Goths, the Ostrogoths being the other. Visigoths
were a branch of the Goths (the other branch being the Visigoths), an East Germanic tribe that played a major role in political events of the last decades of the Roman Empire. Ostrogoths
The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe that entered the late Roman Empire during the 5th century, perhaps best known for their sack of Rome in 455. Vandals
is a term that can apply both as a translation of legio ("conscription" or "army") to the entire Roman army and also, more narrowly (and more commonly), to the heavy infantry that was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army Roman Legion
was a force of bodyguards used by Roman Emperors Praetorian Guard
in Greek sources, or, in Byzantine times, kentarch (κένταρχος) was a professional officer of the Roman army after the Marian reforms of 107 BC Centurion
is a shallow river in northeastern Italy, about 80 kilometres long, running from the Apennine Mountains "Crossing the Rubicon"
to murder for political reasons assassinate
is a Latin phrase often used poetically to represent the last words of Roman dictator Julius Caesar to his friend Marcus Brutus at the moment of his murder by stabbing. "Et tu Brute?"
known as Scipio Africanus and Scipio the Elder, was a general in the Second Punic War and statesman of the Roman Republic. Scipio Africanus
was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Pax Romana
was one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic. Appian way
s a building in Rome, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, pantheon
is a feature of Classical architecture since the 16th century oculus
in ancient Rome, a person who fought to the death in an arena for the entertainment of the public; usually a slave gladiators
is an ancient Roman chariot racing stadium and mass entertainment venue located in Rome. Circus Maximus
is a diversionary water channel, often used in ancient Italy cuniculus
is a small open rectangle surrounded by the ruins of ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Roman Forum
is the centermost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city. Palatine Hills
are a bundle of wooden sticks with an axe blade emerging from the center, which is an image that traditionally symbolizes summary power fasces
s an initialism from a Latin phrase, S enatus P opulus q ue R omanus ("The Senate and People of Rome "), referring to the ... S.P.Q.R
in Rome, Italy were Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla. Baths of Caracalla
was established by the Romans around AD 43. It soon became the capital of Roman Britain and served as a major imperial commercial centre until its abandonment during the 5th century. Londinium
is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy. Tyrrhenian Sea
is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. Adriatic Sea
are one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, Alps
are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending c. 1,200 km (750 mi) along the length of peninsular Italy. Apennine Mountains
is a monotheistic religion[1] based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in canonical gospels and other New Testament writings Christianity
was a title shared by elected officials in the Roman Republic tribune
was the ancient legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law Laws of the Twelve Tablets
were political institutions in the ancient Roman Republic. Roman assembly
was a political institution in ancient Rome. Roman Senate
a ruler of widespread lands emperor
is a partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompeii Pompeii City
was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows AD 79, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano, in the Italian region of Campania in the shadow of Mt. Vesuvius. Herculaneum
was Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus Marcus Aurelius
as Roman Emperor from 98 to 117. Born into a non-patrician family in the province of Hispania Baetica Trajan
was Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD. Tiberius was by birth a Claudian, son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. Tiberius
Roman emperor believed to be insane for much of his rule; was responsible for many disturbances during his reign Caligula
were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 to 146 BC Punic Wars
was a Carthaginian military commander and tactician who is popularly credited as one of the most talented commanders in history. Hannibal
was the chieftain of the Arverni tribe, who united the Gauls in an ultimately unsuccessful revolt against Roman forces during the last phase of Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars. Vercengetorix
also known as Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in 453. Attila the Hun
was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic Pompey
was a Roman general and politician who commanded the left wing of Sulla's army at the Battle of the Colline Gate, Crassus
was the roman word for sword, and is used to represent the primary sword of Ancient Rome soldiers gladius
is a small constellation introduced in the seventeenth century scutum
plural ballistae, was an ancient missile weapon which launched a large projectile at a distant target. Ballista
is a political regime dominated by three powerful individuals, each a triumvir (pl. triumviri Triumvirate
was the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea, from AD 26–36.[1][2][3] He is best known as the judge at Jesus' trial and the man who authorized the Crucifixion of Jesus. Pontius Pilate
underground cemetery of many tunnels and passageways Catacombs
emperor of Rome from a.d 284 to 305 reorganized the roman government Diocletian
of ancient Rome were created by Augustus to counterbalance the enormous power of the Praetorian Guard in the city of Rome and serve as a police force. They were led by the urban prefect. cohort
was a javelin commonly used by the Roman army in ancient times. Pilum
was a political institution in ancient Rome Roman Senate
better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian Pliny
was a classical Roman poet, best known for three major works—the Eclogues (or Bucolics), the Georgics, and the Aeneid—although several minor poems are also attributed to him. virgil
was a Roman historian who wrote a monumental history of Rome and the Roman people Livy
was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature. He was tutor and later advisor to emperor Nero. Seneca
) is a commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France. Cassis
was a type of segmented armour almost exclusively used in the Roman Empire, but the Latin name was first used in the 16th century (the ancient form is unknown, although it is possible that the Romans referred to the armour as "lorica laminata") Lorica Segmentata
is a device used to throw or hurl a projectile a great distance without the aid of explosive devices—particularly various types of ancient and medieval siege engines. Catapult
was the principal Roman surveying instrument. It comprised a vertical staff with horizontal cross pieces mounted at right-angles on a bracket. Groma
is one of a series of numbered markers placed along a road or boundary at intervals of one mile or occasionally, parts of a mile. Miliarium
is the name of 15 March in the Roman calendar, probably referring to the day of the full moon "Beware the Ides of March"
Created by: rozinaG