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Perm Test

Test

QuestionAnswer
The chemical texture service that loosens overly curly hair into a loose curls or waves is Curl re-formation
All chemical texture procedures involve changing the hair structure by using Chemical and physical changes
The exterior hair structure layer that protects the hair from damage is the Cuticle
The layer of the hair that provided strength and elasticity is the Cortex
Hair bonds that cannot be broken by heat or water are Disulfide bonds
The natural ph of hair is between 4.5-5.5
One of the most important parts of a successful texture service is the Consultation
Permanent waves cannot be performed if the hair is coated with Metallic salts
Disulfide bonds are chemical based side bonds that are formed when Sulfur atoms in to adjacent protein chains are joined together
The measurement used to determine the hydrogen ions in a solution is Potential of hydrogen
Chemical texturizers temporarily rise the ph of the hair by lifting the cuticle layer to Allowing penetration to the cortex layer
Long coiled polypeptide chains that are part of the hairs structure are Keratin proteins
The client record card should include a complete evaluation of length texture color and Condition of the hair
During the hair and scalp analysis procedure the stylist should look for Abrasion or signs of scalp diseases
Hair texture that requires a longer processing or re wetting of solution ensure complete saturation is Coarse textured hair
The measurement of the number of hairs per square inch is Density
A indication of the strength of the side bond is elasticity
The second process of a permanent wave is the Chemical change process
In permanent waving the size of the curl is determined by the Size of the rod
The permanent wave rod that produces a uniform curl along along the entire with of the strand is a Straight rod
A wrapping technique using two end papers one placed under the strand and one over is the Double flat wrap
Permanent wave rods are placed on to subsections of a panel called Base section
The position of a permanent wave rod in relation to its base section is the Base placement
The technique of wrapping at a 90 degree angle or straight out from the center is Half off base placement
The two basic types of wrapping hair around a perm rod is a spiral method and Corquignole method
A technique used to wrap extra long hair using two rods in opposite direction is a Piggyback wrap
A reduction reaction involves either the addition of hydrogen or removal of oxygen
A common colorless reducing agent used in the chemical texture service is Thioglcolic acid
The main reducing agent in alkaline permanents is Ammonium thioglycolate
Most alkaline permanent waves have a ph between 9.0-9.6
The primary low ph reducing agent in acid waves is Glyceryl monothioglycolate
An exothermic chemical reaction produces heat
The basic component of acid waves are permanent wave solution and Activator and neutralizer
An endothermic wave must activated using Outside heat source
In permanent waving the processing should be determined by the Strength of the solution
Hair that is too weak to hold a curl or may be completely straight after a perm is Over processed
The process of stopping the action of a permanent wave is neutralization
Permanent wave solution should be raised from the hair for a minimum of 5 minutes
A 90 degree perm wrap that minimizes stress and tension on the hair is Half off base
The process of rearranging extremely curly hair into a straighter or smoother form is Chemical hair relaxing
In extremely curly hair the thinnest and weakest sections of the hair strand are located at the Twists
Thio chemical relaxers usually have a ph value above 10
The active ingredient in all hydroxide relaxers is the hydroxide Ion
All hydroxide relaxers can swell the hair up to Twice its normal diameter
Hydroxide relaxers remove one atom of sulfur from a disulfide bond converting it into a Lanthionine bond
Disulfide bonds broken by hydroxide relaxers can never be Reformed
Hydroxide ions left in the hair after a relaxer can be neutralized using A acid balanced shampoo
Relaxers containing one component used without any additional mixing are Metal hydroxide relaxers
Sodium hydroxide relaxers (NaOH) are commonly called Lye relaxers
A relaxer with two components mixed immediately prior to use Guanidine hydroxide relaxer
Lithium hydroxide relaxers and Potassium hydroxide relaxers are advertised and sold as No lye relaxers
Ammonium sulfite and ammonium bisulfite are marked as Mild alternative relaxers
Cream used to protect the skin and scalp during a hair relaxing process is Base cream
`The strength of relaxers is determined by the concentration of Hydroxide
To avoid over processing during the retouch relaxer application wait until the last few minutes of the processing to apply the relaxer to the area Closest to the scalp
Conditioners with a acidic ph that condition and normalize hair prior to shampooing Normalization lotion
Curl reformation does not straighten the hair it simply makes the existing curls Larger and looser
To avoid scalp irritation prior to the application of the hydroxide relaxer never shampoo the hair
In extremely curly hair the thinnest and weakest sections of the hair strand are located at the Twists
Thio chemical relaxers usually have a ph value above 10
The active ingredient in all hydroxide relaxers is the hydroxide Ion
All hydroxide relaxers can swell the hair up to Twice its normal diameter
Hydroxide relaxers remove one atom of sulfur from a disulfide bond converting it into a Lanthionine bond
Disulfide bonds broken by hydroxide relaxers can never be Reformed
Hydroxide ions left in the hair after a relaxer can be neutralized using A acid balanced shampoo
Relaxers containing one component used without any additional mixing are Metal hydroxide relaxers
Sodium hydroxide relaxers (NaOH) are commonly called Lye relaxers
A relaxer with two components mixed immediately prior to use Guanidine hydroxide relaxer
Lithium hydroxide relaxers and Potassium hydroxide relaxers are advertised and sold as No lye relaxers
Ammonium sulfite and ammonium bisulfite are marked as Mild alternative relaxers
Cream used to protect the skin and scalp during a hair relaxing process is Base cream
`The strength of relaxers is determined by the concentration of Hydroxide
To avoid over processing during the retouch relaxer application wait until the last few minutes of the processing to apply the relaxer to the area Closest to the scalp
Conditioners with a acidic ph that condition and normalize hair prior to shampooing Normalization lotion
Curl reformation does not straighten the hair it simply makes the existing curls Larger and looser
To avoid scalp irritation prior to the application of the hydroxide relaxer never shampoo the hair
To avoid excessive stretching of the hair when combing out tangles use a Wide tooth comb
Performing texture service involves powerful chemicals that must be handled with Disregard
The term of used to describe removing excess water before application of a neutralizer is Blotting
When checking for test curl development, the test curl should reflect Firm S formation
When performing test curls the rod should be unwound approximately 1 1/2 turns
Incorrect placement of the rubber band of the perm rods will cause band marks or Breakage
When working with hair that has been chemically relaxed you should avoid using Hot irons
Created by: kchandley