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Merch quiz 1

Funeral merchandising quiz 1

a rigid container designed for the encasement of human remains which is usually constructed of wood, metal, fiberglass, plastic or like material and ornamented and lined with fabric. Casket (FTC)
case or receptacle for dead human remains which is anthropoidal in shape. Wedged shaped, six sided, like a human being, widest at the shoulder and narrowest at the feet. Coffin
Hardwood any heavy close grained and resistant wood of any broad leaved bearing deciduous tree.
What are the hardwoods Cherry,Birch,Mahogany,Maple, oak, Walnut
Birch heavy white wood with smooth bark
Cherry heavy white wood stain any color
Mahogany – imported, rare and expensive and top of the line kind of wood
Maple closely grained wood with a lightly tan color and can be stained. Popular for furniture and bowling lanes
Oak light in color, closely grained, hardiest of the woods, strong enough for house construction, standard in flooring, 1/3rd of all hardwood casket sales in US.
Walnut dark brown wood, rare and expensive, only 2% of caskets are walnut; could be used for veneer.
Selected hardwood a Salix casket is a combination of hardwoods
Softwoods any wood that is light in texture, non-resistant and easily worked of any coniferous tree, or cone bearing.
WHat are the softwoods? Pine, Fir, Spruce, Cedar Redwood
Pine an abundant tree that is inexpensive, natural resonance waterproofing; texture has a lot of knots in the grain which is appealing; alternative containers for burial or cremation; most often used.
Fir related to pine, larger than pine
Cedar expensive, aromatic, used in lining of chests
Cedar expensive, not as aromatic, resistant to wood rot.
Wood products combinations, maybe thin sheets, or components treated to look like solid wood
Plywood glued together so that the grains are at right angles to one another, always in odd numbers
Composition board particle board, flake board, fiber board, pressed board; sawdust that has been pressed into a glue and made to look like wood; used in alternative containers like cremation.
Laminates Thin covering or layer over a thicker material
Veneer a very thin layer of real wood that is glued to a thicker peace of composition board. Makes less expensive look more expensive
Artificial – layer of plastic or resin that is sprayed onto the casket or wood
Ferrous any metal that contains iron; not used exclusively because they rust and are very heavy; alloys are used instead
Steel iron and nickel with some carbon and graded by the amount of nickel that is added to the iron. Rolled into sheets, bended, soldered and melted
USSG United States Standard Gauge, number of sheets to get the thickness of one inch. 20 gauge is 20 sheets to make one inch. The lower the number the thicker the steel. 16 gauge is the lowest.
Stainless steel iron with chromium and sometimes some nickel is added; all grades of this must have at least 11% chromium. More resistant to rust, but doesn’t last as long as bronze and copper.
400 series 409 stainless or martensitic and contains no nickel and 12% chromium.
300 series 304 stainless or austenitic stainless; 18% chromium and 8% nickel and the rest is iron. Pretty study, used in table ware and takes a lot of fatigue easily.
Reinforcement through welding and straps and with zinc coating
Non-Ferrous no metal in it, no rusting
Brown and Sharpe System measured by ounces per square foot; the higher the ounces per square foot the thicker and more expensive. 32oz and 48oz caskets are common
Copper first metal to be every worked by craftsmen; malleable and ductile with golden color and very expensive
Wrought copper copper rolled into sheets and the parts are stamped out and then welded together
Copper deposit start out with a shell and then placed into a liquid where more copper is electroplated onto it to cover the seams and welding to give greater strength. Top of the line method
Bronze alloy of 90% copper with a combination of tin and zinc for the remainder. Because of its strength it is the top of the line for casket construction.
Cast bronze skilled work; take molten bronze and put it into a mold and comes out without joints and seems when it cools. The maximum weight is about 1000 pounds, need eight pall bearers to grunt their way though it.
Chromium Nickel stamp the parts out and weld them
Zinc poor man’s bronze; blue-ish white metal not malleable so it is used more in composite caskets
Aluminum silver white metal, light in weight, bendable, not tarnished Other Materials
Plastic lower end caskets alternative to wood (polymer)
Fiberglass consists of fine materials of glass embedded in various resins; crematories might not expect plastic or fiberglass containers
Natural Finish natural grain is treated many times to produce a number of types of surfaces
Polished or gloss coats of polyurethane to give a hard shiny type of surface, a burnished finished
Semi-gloss a natural wax, no polyurethane, give some protection
Satin finish oil and polish is done that looks brushed or fine lines
Mat finish a minimal amount of oil to bring out the grain of wood
Unstained/stained natural color of wood is seen and still treated with oil and it all soaks in
Painted coating stays on the surface
Cloth covered word product with cloth glued over it
Smooth retains natural cloth surface
Embossed raised patter or design impressed on it
Broad cloth twilled (diagonal), napped (fuzzy), cotton weave
Doeskin heavy cotton fabric, thick nap 1/8th inch, gives a Suede feel
Plush (High Pile) nap exceeds 1/8th inch, almost furry
Felt non-woven, small bits of cloth mixed with horse hair and made into sheets by pressure and heat and chemicals
Brushed produces fine parallel lines on the surface and then coated with a sealing material and then buffed until a shine is produced. Can be done on the bare metal or on the painted casket
Plated plated with another bare metal to make the casket to look more expensive than it really is
Polished mild abrasives to polish and then make it shine
Sprayed casket is painted in the same way cars are done
Crinkled metal is coated with a paint that shrinks when it dries and produces wrinkles in the surface
Hammer tone small regular hollow dents are put into the finish and look like a ball ping hammer marks, used to hid defects
Gloss painted with a high shine
Flat no gloss
Shell the casket itself that is composed of the cap and the body
Cap lid
Rim (ogee) molding having a double curve formed by the union of a concave and convex line and forms the rim all the way around
Crown attached panels on top of the ogee, divided into head and foot panels
Pie (fishtail) wedge shaped portion at the end of the crown
Header (bridge vertical end of the head and foot panels in the center division
Rim flange turned under edge or the horizontal part of the rim or ogee
Gasket channel only appears on protected casket and is found on the bottom edge of the head and foot panels
Body is the other part or the box of the shell
Top Body Molding or ledge similar in shape to the rim or the ogee on top; forms a top rim of the bottom part
Top body molding flange body ledge flange; a mirror image of the rim flange on the cap; horizontal flat part
Body panels the vertical sides of the casket to which the handle hardware is attached
Base molding along the lower edge of the body panels and generally takes same shape as the rim and top molding
base molding flange at the very bottom edge
bottom sheet of metal or wood and is attached to the base molding flange; one sheet of metal with elongated indentations to make it stronger and rigid and less likely to bend; channel is the grove on the very bottom to provide for support and the truck.
lug parallel to the panels and hold the hardware for the bar and arum
arm or bracket that part of the bracket that attaches to the arm or the lug
bar parallel to the body panel and grasped by the casket bearers
Swing bar moveable with a hinged mechanism, with 6 arms to swing, standard has 8 bars
Stationary one continuous bar fixed by lugs to the body panels with stationary hardware
Bail handle lug is recessed into the body panel or sheet metal or into the wood
Corners - Optional attached to the corners of the casket for decoration or for extra strength
cast hardware poured into a mold and cooled
stamped hardware pressed out and bent
Molding like casting but with plastic
Perfection half-couch cut cap into head end and foot end with separate is just a bit longer than the foot cap.
Full couch cap is all one piece and not cut in half and may or may not be hinged
Single hinge panel single hinge cap; cap is in 2 pieces and not molded with rim. The head panel of the crown has its own hinge
Slip panel slip top; priest casket; casket with a flat crown, no curve and head panel is often unhinged and slips into a groove cut into the edge
Drop-side ogee is divided into two pieces itself and it drops down for decoration; seldom seen because they cannot seal them well
Elliptic Half shaped or oval ends
Octagon 8 sided corners
Round rectangular with rounded corners
Square or mitered sides are joined in a 90o angle, less expensive than the others Sides or body panels
Vertical side square state casket; side is 90o angle from the bottom part of casket
Flaring square side and end body panels flare out from the bottom to the top; narrow at bottom and wider at top
Urn side panels shaped like an urn or a woman or S-curve; more expensive requires metal skill
Casket Interiors framework for viewing the body
Cap panel focal part of the interior and fills the interior of the crown
Insert foot panel inner panel; covering panel used to cover the foot end of the shell with a full couch casket
Roll, cove, puffing curved panel that surrounds the cap panel on the inside of the rim or ogee
Gimp fold; strip of metal, plastic or cloth that is attached to the inside of the panel and covers the area where the roll is attached to the flange.
Throw/overlay/overthrow considered the aesthetic covering for the foot cap on the upper end at the bridge
Apron lining attached to the undersurface of the foot panel (also the head panel) and/or a component part of the overlay which extends downward into the body of the casket - runs the width of the casket and maybe attached at 2 points: as described above - infe
extendover or drop (cove/shrine) that portion of the casket interior which extends over the top body of casket moldings for aesthetic value covering the edge and side
bed (mattress) that portion of the casket upon which the body rests - 2 types: stationary and adjustable
mattress cover separate sheet of material covering bed
body lining plain basic version of the existing interior material that is used to cover the remaining interior wall of the casket - that which the apron does not cover
pillow 2 types are box (rectangular) and wedge (tapered
hinge cover or skirt or piece covers the hinges that attaches the head cover to the body of the casket
hinge sleeve covers the brace or bracket that holds open the head cap during time of viewing
blanket a piece of fabric to cover the deceased especially during a full couch viewing
shirred made on a multiple-needle head sewing machine - sews material in parallel lines with material drawn or gathered.
crushed made by placing a cloth over metal forms such as wire mesh and steam is applied to set the pattern - usually found on less expensive models,
tufted created by placing a padding material between a lining and an upholstery material with a pattern of individual squares with stitches forming small raised puffs; on richer material
creased a pleated effect usually just used for the head panels
tailored tightly stretched or drawn with a smooth appearance - flat, smooth, or no design
semi-tailored tailored style with another style of interior for effect
interchangeable panels detachable stiff backed interior panels which are zippered, buttoned or velcroed into the cap
specialty panels design is created in the head panel with designs, nature, themes
Casket Interior Materials Average of 12 yards of material used for an average adult casket
crepe thin fabric with a finely crinkled or wrinkled surface; made of silk, rayon, cotton or silk; inexpensive
linen course square woven dull finish material made of cotton made at the flax plant; luster and shine
linen weave synthetic, looks like linen, doesn’t have the qualities of linen
satin weave producing a shiny surface - smooth finish, glossy on face and dull on back; made from silk, nylon or rayon
twill woven in parallel diagonal lines; in x shape
velvet used in more expensive caskets - light in weight with a sheen surface of upright cut or looped yarns; out of silk, cotton or rayon; has nap to it like a Minnie rug
dull pile velvet upright cut or looped; thick and heavy and very little sheen, top of the line stuff
transparent velvet similar to dull, but much lighter in weight and made by machine; wool, silk and more commonly linen or cotton; also called velour
Interior Backing Materials upholstery material Supporting structure material for head and foot cap panels
Cardboard or fiberboard layers of paper pressed together
Massillon pressed paper in sheet-form - thin cardboard
plastic sheets that can be easily bended
domet light cotton flannel with a short nap
Padding Materials inside the throw, extendover, and mattress pad
Kapok stuff that surrounds the seeds of the cotton plant
polyethylene foam plastic with air holes to make it light
shredded paper paper
spun polyester synthetic cloth in a bulk bundle
wood wool fine wood shavings
excelsior plastic or polyester shavings
Gasketed flat rubber strip attached to the top molding strip and in a channel; cranked tight to close cover; some effect to keep out air and water; a protected casket never sealed perfectly; refer to the manufacturers warrantee
Non-gasketed usually in wood caskets
Latch closure pull the latch to close cap
Thread fasteners screw down the lid
Chemical compounds usually in infant caskets and make the unit one when sealed
Hermetically sealed solder the cap and body together
Casket Sizes Measured from the inside not the outside since the outsides vary a lot
Wood 75” x 22” x 16-22”
Metal 78” x 23” x 16-24”, need room for the locking mechanism
Oversized X means and extra 2” in width; 23xx = 27”; for longer caskets they go in 3” additions
Fitting make sure the outside dimensions of the casket are able to fit into the inside of the vault which is 84” long and 29” wide
Infant or children’s caskets pretty much the same materials as in the adults caskets except for the expensive metals; white cloth cover wood usually used; styrene caskets are often used too. 18” to 5’ long on the inside; increments are in 6” sizes; height increases in 9” increments
Popular Miscellaneous sets




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