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Chabner ch-1

QuestionAnswer
(T/F) All medical terms have a prefix? FALSE
(T/F) Not every medical word has a prefix TRUE
(T/F) The letter I is used to link a word root up to another element when the word root comes from Latin TRUE
(T/F) To define a medical word first define the suffix
-al Pertaining to (neural)
-algia Pain (neuralgia)
-cyte Cell
-ectomy Cutting out
-emia Blood condition (leukemia
-gist Specialist in the study and treatment of
-globin Protein (hemoglobin)
-gram Record (mammogram)
-ia Condition
-ic Pertaining to (gastric)
-ism Condition
-itis Inflammation
-logist Specialist in the study of
-logy Study of
-oma Tumor
-opsy To view
-osis Abnormal condition
-osis State of
-scope Instrument to visually examine
-scopy process of visual examination
-tomy Process of cutting into
-y Means condition or process
5 different types of this cell fight disease Leukocytes
A protein found in red blood cells is Hemoglobin
A red blood cell is a/an Erythrocyte
A specialist in the study of blood is a Hematologist
a- an-
Abnormal condition of the skin is Dermatosis
aden/o Gland
Adenitis Inflammation of a gland
Adenocarcinoma A cancerous (malignant) tumor of a gland
Adenoma Tumor of a gland
An incision of a joint is called Arthrotomy
An x-ray record of a joint is arthrogram
Anemia Deficiency of hemoglobin and/or red blood cells – results in reduced oxygen to the cells
Anemia Deficiency of hemoglobin or numbers of red blood cells; "no blood"
Anemia means a condition of "no blood"
arthr/o Joint
aut- Self
Autopsy Examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
bi/o Life
Blood trapped in tissues of the skin or in an organ resulting from trauma and usually called a bruise is called A hematoma
carcin/o Cancer
cardi/o Heart
Cardiology Study of the heart
cephal/o Head
Complete through
dys- Bad
endo- Within (endocardium)
exo- Outside
hyper- Excessive
hypo- Below
pro- Before
re- Back
retro- Behind
sub- Below
trans- Across
Presence of large numbers of immature cancerous while blood cells
Removal of a nerve Neuroectomy
Singular: apex Plural: Apices
Singular: bronchus Plural: Bronchi
Singular: calculus Plural? Calculi
Singular: cortex Plural: Cortices
Singular: ganglion Plural: Ganglia
Singular: ovum Plural: ova
Singular: varix Plural: Varices
Pathology Study of disease
Rheumatology Study of joint diseases
Hematology Study of the blood
Endocrinology Study of the endocrine glands
Ophthalmology Study of the eye
Cardiology Study of the heart
Nephrology Study of the kidney is
Psychology Study of the mind and mental disorders
Neurology Study of the nerves
Dermatology Study of the skin
Gastroenterology Study of the stomach and intestines
Oncology (cancerous/malignant) Study of tumors
Gynecology Study of women and women's diseases
-al Pertaining to (neural)
-algia Pain (neuralgia)
-cyte Cell
-ectomy Cutting out
-emia Blood condition (leukemia
-globin Protein (hemoglobin)
-gram Record (mammogram)
-ia Condition
-ic Pertaining to (gastric)
-ism Condition
-itis Inflammation
-logist Specialist in the study of
-logy Study of
-oma Tumor
-opsy To view
-osis Abnormal condition
-scope Instrument to visually examine
process of visual examination -scopy
-osis State of
-tomy Process of cutting into
-y Means condition or process
Swelling of tissue behind the eyeball Exopthalmos
The lungs bronchial tubes
The prediction about the outcome of an illness is a/an Prognosis
The prostrate gland is located where in relationship to the bladder in men. In front – hyper
The record of electricity in the brain is a/an Electroencephalogram
The study of women and women's diseases is Gynecology
This type of blood cell carries oxygen Erythrocyte
This type of cell helps blood to clot Thrombocytes or platelets
Tumor of the liver is Hepatoma
Visual examination of the abdomen is Laparoscopy
What is a combining vowel The link between the root of a word to a suffix or another root word
What is the ROOT of a word The foundation of the word
What is the suffix of a word The ending of the word
-gist Specialist in the study and treatment of
Pathologist Specialist in the study of disease
Diameter Measurement of the width across a circle
Transurethral section Removal of portions of the prostrate gland through the urethra (TURP)
Prostate gland Gland in males (exocrine)
Anemia Deficiency of hemoglobin and/or red blood cells – results in reduced oxygen to the cells
Platelets Clotting cells
Leukemia Increase in cancerous (malignant) while blood cells in blood and bone marrow
Erythrocytes Red blood cells
Cerebrovascular accident Stroke
Psychosis Abnormal condition of the mind
Hypoglycemia Blood condition of decreased sugar
Thrombosis Abnormal condition of clotting (clot formation)
Osteoarthritis Inflammation of bones and joints
Prognosis Prediction of the outcome of an illness or treatment
Oncologist Specialist in the study and treatment of tumors
Transdermal Pertaining to through the skin
Hyperthyroidism Increased condition (secretion) of the thyroid gland
Dysentery Painful intestines
Laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdomen
Autopsy Examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
Hyperthyroidism Excessive activity of the thyroid gland
Anemia Deficiency of hemoglobin or numbers of red blood cells; "no blood"
Dysentery Condition of painful intestine; inflammation
Endocrine glands Organs that produce (secrete) hormones directly into the bloodstream
Hypoglycemia Blood condition of decreased sugar
Exocrine glands Organs that produce (secrete) chemicals to the outside of the body through tubes or ducts
Resection Removal (excision) of an organ or structure
Transdermal Pertaining to through the skin
hyperglycemia Blood condition of increased sugar
Oncologist Specialist in the treatment of cancer (tumors)
Pathologist Specialist in the study of disease; examines biopsies and performs autopsies
Leukocyte White blood cell
Thrombocyte Clotting cell or platelet
Adenoma Tumor of a gland
Adenocarcinoma A cancerous (malignant) tumor of a gland
Diagnosis Complete knowledge of a patient's illness on the basis of tests and other information
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver
Adenitis Inflammation of a gland
Term formed from the first letters of the words in a phrase. Acronym
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Medical terms derived from the name of a person Eponym
You can often analyze medical terms and decipher their meanings not by memorizing whole terms but by ___ them into their component word ___.
The main or foundation of a word is referred to as the word ________ - it contains the word's essential (core) meaning. root
In medical terminology word roots often (but not always) represent a body part (T/F)
Suffixes frequently indicate a procedure a condition
(T/F) All medical terms have a prefix? False
Prefixes often indicate (5) things Number (bi-
(T/F) To define a medical word first define the suffix
The main part or foundation of a word is the ? Root
The most commonly used combining vowel is? O
The combining for in the term nephritis is Nephr/o
The prefix in the term retrogastric is _____. Retro-
What is the correct division of the medical term subgastric into its component parts? Sub + gastr/o + -ic
The part that provides a term's essential meaning is known as the _____. Root
(T/F) Not every medical word has a prefix True
(T/F) The letter I is used to link a word root up to another element when the word root comes from Latin True
The combining vowel is usually dropped when the suffix begins with _____. A vowel
The term retro- means behind
In the terms subgastric and subglossal the suffixes mean _____.
Pertaining to (-ic and -al)
Gastroenterology means _____. the study of the stomach and intestines
The term that means incision into the bone is _____. osteotomy
Enter/o means _____. Within
The prefix endo- means within
The word root in the term rhinitis is _____. rhin/
Created by: nastronomical