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Chapter 30 Pharma

Ch 30

Systemic process by which the body takes in or receives a drug
Distribution action by which a drug is released throughout the body
Dosage amount of drug to be administered in a specific time, often according to weight
Dose A specified quantity of a drug or medicine
Drug a substance used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease
Ethical Drug a drug that requires a prescription
Excretion action by which a drug leaves the body
Generic drug sold without a brand name or trademark
Inscription on a prescription, the name and quantity of a drug
Metabolism physical and chemical processes that occur within a living cell or organism that are necessary for the maintenance of life
Patent medicine drug that can be obtained without a prescription, also called over teh counter drug
Pharmacology a brance of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and actions of drugs
Prescription a written order for a specific drug
Prophylaxis administration of drugs to prevent disease or protect a patient
signature instructions a a prescription explaining how to take a specific medicine
Subscription directions to the pharmacist for mixing the medication, this is seldom done by the pharmacist anymore.
Superscription the patients name, address, date and Rx symbol on a prescription
Systemic referring to a drug that affects a specific system or multiple systems of the body
Drug can be classified by 3 names chemical ,generic,brand or trade name
Chemical Name the chemical formula of a drug
Generic name may be used by any company
Brand name or Trade name controlled by buisness firms as a registered trademark for example Tylenol is a brand name for acetamnophen
DEA drug enforcement agency
PDR physicans desk reference
routes of drug administration oral route, topical route, transdermal route, inhalation route, sublingual route, injection route
Analgesics are prescribed for the relief of acute pain, post operative pain, and chronic pain,
Antibiotics use to kill bateria
Bactericidal antibiotics such as penicillin directly kill an infecting organism
Bacteriostatic such as tetracycline and erythromycin inhibit the production of bacteria by interfering with their metabolic process
Antifungal agents they are betere at fighting certain types of fungi, most common used is nystatin
Antiviral agents are commonly administered in capsule, tablet, liquid, and ointment forms, Most common antiviral agent is acyclovir Or zovirax
Antianxiety agents have become a huge part of " pain free" dentistry, patients who have hesitated to go to the dds because of their fear of pain can now receive antianxiety drugs or sedation dentistry
Schedule I drugs have no current accepted medical usefulness have a high potential for abuse..heroin, lsd and marijuana
Schedule II drugs high potential for abuse, have accepted medical usefulness. Rx given must be given in writing and can not be renewed. Opium,cocaine,morphine,hydromorphone, methadone, and barbituates
Schedule III drugs less abuse potential than the drugs in schedule I and II, and also have accepted medical usefulness. these Rx may be renewed. Tylenol w/ codeine,
Schedule IV drugs have low abuse potential and have accepted medical usefulness, pt may have up to 5 refills in a 6 mo period. Librium, Valium,and Darvon
Schedule V drugs lowest abuse potential and have accepted medical usefulness. these drugs are not required to be Rx. howevere they are available only under controlled circumstances some states still require a Rx. Cough medicine with codeine
Adverse drug effects the body's negative reactions to a drug
Drug complications an allergic reaction will occur if a drug triggers the immune response. cna range from a common rash to life threatening anaphylactic shock.
Most common cause of drug induced anaphylaxis is penicillin
Drug Toxicity toxin induced cell damage and cell death
Drug interaction takes place when an additional drug is introduced into the body system.
Drug Tolerance is the loss of a drug's effectiveness that occurs when a patient has taken the drug over time and no longer receives the drug's beneficial effects.
Drug Addiction is physical dependence on a drug. If the person stops taking the drug, the body undergoes a with drawl illness and displays physical symptoms associated with stopping the use of the drug
Created by: cynthia.fryer