Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Unit 4

sleep, dreams, hypnosis, psychoactive drugs

Infradian Rhythms happens less than once per day
Circadian Rhythms happens more than once per day
Ultradian Rhythms 24 hour cycle
Brain Waves shows activeness of the brain
Beta when someone is actively engaged in what they are doing, awake
Alpha relaxed, awake but not involved
Theta light sleep
Delta deep sleep
Muscle Tone highest when awake, lowest in REM sleep
Eye Movement fastest during REM
Stage 1 light stage of sleep, may not know you are sleeping
Hypnagogic Sensations part of stage 1, sensation of falling
Stage 2 deeper stage of sleep
Sleep Spindles part of stage 2, bursts of brain activity, brains efforts to keep you sleeping
K Complexes part of stage 2, increasing amplitude of wavelength, every one to two minutes
Theta Waves internal/involuntary things become regular
Stages 3 & 4 deep sleep disorders, deepest sleep
Delta Waves increase in amplitude, sleep walking
REM Sleep (“Paradoxical Sleep”) internally most active, externally least active, dreaming
Sleep Theories why we need sleep
Preservation people couldn’t see in the dark, so we sleep at night for safety
Restoration our body must recuperate from stress during the day
Influences on Sleep things that influence us when to go to sleep
Sleep Deprivation weak immune system, gain weight, stress, hallucinations, cranky, moody, no focus
REM Rebound brain keeps track of how much sleep you lose, then tries to make up for it
Insomnia have trouble falling, getting, or staying asleep
Narcolepsy fall asleep when nervous system is aroused, skip stage 1
Sleep Apnea snoring, at different times in the night you stop breathing, body wakes you up to breath
Night Terrors not dreams, deep sleep, move a lot, scream, look awake but you aren’t, mostly in children
Somnambulism deep sleep, anything you do in your sleep
Freudian Theory wish fulfillment, psychic safety valve, manifest content, latent content
Wish Fulfillment we live out the life we want through our dreams
Psychic Safety Valve you get insight into your unconsciousness without harming yourself
Manifest Content what you dream about
Latent Content meaning/symbol of your dream
Information Processing dreaming helps us to learn and memorize
Physiological Function use your brain throughout the night so it will work better when you wake up
Activation Synthesis your brain takes your random thought, puts them together, and makes a dream
Franz Anton Mesmer drink an iron solution and move magnets around body
Hypnosis follow suggestion that a hypnotist gives
Hypnotic Suggestibility how likely you are to follow suggestions from a hypnotist
Social Influence Theory/Role Theory expectation that hypnosis is going to work, so it does
Divided Consciousness/Dissociation Theory we have an altered state of conscious, our conscious divides, part of you is there, the other part is with the hypnotist
Hidden Observer part, during divided consciousness, is still with the hypnotist
Memory Retrieval trying to go back to a memory that you have forgotten, not effective
Age Regression takes you back to a certain age, not effective
Feats of Strength feel stronger, not effective
Forced Behaviors force someone to do something, not effective
Therapy help people to do things they shouldn’t do, effective
Pain Reduction used to not experience pain, most effective
Hypnotic Induction process of being hypnotized
Posthypnotic Suggestions after you’ve been hypnotized
Posthypnotic Amnesia you won’t remember what happened, suggestion
Physical Dependence your body needs it
Psychological Dependence mentally, you think you need it
Withdrawal when you aren’t able to have things you have become dependent on
Dependence change bodies function to use certain things
Tolerance getting used to a substance, use more as you go
Addiction you must have something, negative connotation, same as dependence
Agonists drug that mimics neurotransmitter
Antagonists drug that blocks the effect of a neurotransmitter
Depressants slow down the nervous system
Alcohol depressant
Barbiturates depressant
Benzodiazepines depressant
Opiates decrease nervous systems activity in areas of pain
Heroin opiate
Morphine opiate
Stimulants speed up nervous system
Amphetamines stimulant
Methamphetamine stimulant, amphetamine
Ecstasy (aka MDMA, methylenedioxymethaphetamine) stimulant, amphetamine
Cocaine stimulant
Nicotine & Caffeine stimulant
Hallucinogens (aka Psychedelics) effects perception
LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide) hallucinogen
Marijuana hallucinogen
THC (delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol) hallucinogen
Biological Influences the body, passed down through families
Psychological Influences people with undiagnosed psychological disorders will treat themselves with drugs
Sociocultural Influences cultures influence on drug use
Created by: slshepherd
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards