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Geography, Demography & Environment

Relief Map Relief maps demonstrate the contour of the subject area either with contour lines or shaded areas to indicate elevation.
Climate Map Climate maps use contour lines or shading to demonstrate long-term weather conditions
Political Map Political maps use lines and/or colors to demonstrate the boundaries of political entities. Some political maps use color and size of type to demonstrate political boundaries, populations and affiliations.
Topographical Map Topographical maps use lines and colors to demonstrate elevation and shapes of landforms to illustrate three-dimensional shapes in two-dimensions. Lines that are close together illustrate steep inclines while lines that are far apart illustrate relatively
Physical Map Physical maps use colors, lines, symbols, tints, and shading to demonstrate physical characteristics of the subject area. Physical maps often include roads and other artificial objects
Cylindrical Projections In all cylindrical projections the meridians of longitude, which on the globe converge at the poles, are parallel to one another; the equator is tangent to the globe.
Mercator created the first projection map in the l6th Century. Mercator projected the parallels of latitude a growing further apart as they left the equator
Conic Projections superimposing a cone on the globe, projecting the surface features on a flat map with the parallels as arcs of circles with the pole—the original point of the cone—at the center. Meridians appear as straight lines that converge at the same point
Mollweide Equal-Area Projections: The most useful projection maps today employ equal-area projections that use horizontal parallels.The projection is usually split mid-ocean to maintain the continuity of the landmasses.
Robinson used by the United States Geographic Service
Climate temperature, precipitation, and wind.
Latitude a measure of distance north or south of the equator that is expressed in degrees.
Tundra vast treeless plains of the arctic region. Extremely cold temperatures and permafrost (permanently frozen subsoil) characterize the climate.
Tundra shrubby plants with shallow root systems
Taiga occurs in the mountains of the Northertrees of which are adapted to reduce water loss by having narrow, tough leavesn Hemisphere
Deciduous forest deciduous trees (ones that lose their leaves seasonally)
Tropical forests The forests occur along the equator. There are only two seasons—wet and dry
Deserts descending masses of warm, dry air that create the dry climate.
Grasslands climatic zones in between forest and desert where fire and grazing animals prevent the spread of trees
Savannahs tropical grasslands that have patches of thorny trees. Savannas receive most of their rainfall during the wet season
Created by: momnschool