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Stomach

Med Term Ch 5 & 6

QuestionAnswer
an/o anus
append/o or appendic/o appendix
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
celi/o belly, abdomen
cheil/o lip
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o colon, large intestine
colon/o colon
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestines, usually the small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lapar/o abdomen
lingu/o tounge
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum
pharyng/o throat
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pyloric sphincter
rect/o rectum
amyl/o starch
bil/i gall, bile
chol/e gall, bile
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone
steat/o fat
-ase enzyme
-chezia defecation, elimination of wastes
-iasis abnormal condition
-parandial meal
-ectasis or -ectasia stretching, dilation, dilatation, widening
-emesis vomiting
-lysis destruction, breakdown, separation
-pepsia digestion
-phagia eating, swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis drooping, sagging, protruding
-ptysis spitting
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis stopping, controlling
-stenosis tightening, stricture, narrowing
-tresia opening
anorexia lack of appetite
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
constipation difficulty passing stools
diarrhea frequent passage of loose, watery stools
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
eructation gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth
flatus gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum
jaundice (icterus) yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia)
melena black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood
nausea unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit
steatorrhea fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter
aphthous stomatitis (canker sores) inflamation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers
dental caries tooth decay
oral leukoplakia white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth
achalasia failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax
esophageal varices swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
gastric cancer malignant tumor of the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
hernia protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
hiatal hernia upper part of the stomach protrudes upward through the diaphragm
inguinal hernia small loop of bowel protrudes through a weak lower abdominal muscle
peptic ulcer open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum
anal fistula abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
colonic polyps polyps (benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
pedunculated polyps attached to the membrane by a stalk
sessile polyps sitting directly on the mucous membrane
colorectal cancer adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both
Crohn Disease chronic inflamation of the intestinal tract (terminal ileum and colon)
diverticulosis abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall
hemorrhoids swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
ileus loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
intussusception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers
volvulus twisting of the intestine on itself
cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
liver function tests (LFTs) tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood
stool culture test for microorganisms present in feces
stool guaiac test (hemoccult test) test to detect occult/hidden blood in feces
lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema) x-ray images of the colon and the rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum
upper gastrointestinal series (barium swallow/SBFT) x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth
cholangiography x ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
CT computed tomography
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
PEG tube percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (feeding tube)
PUD peptic ulcer disease
TPN total parenteral nutrition
T tube tube placed in bile duct for drainage into small pouch on outside of body
Created by: sld975