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Manpower Apprentice

Block IV - Manpower Programming and Resource Management

Term used to describe the DoD budget Future Years Defense Program (FYDP)
DoD’s resource management system controlled by the SECDEF Planning, Programming, Budgeting & Execution system (PPBE)
Four phases of PPBE Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution
T/F – A budget should provide the best mix of forces, equipment, and support regardless of fiscal constraints False – it should be within fiscal constraints
Used to determine our manpower requirements to support various programs, match fiscal constraints against these requirements, and budget for the resources to maintain the force structure The PPBE system
Phase that translates top-down guidance into meaningful plans and requirements Planning Phase
Planning document developed by the President and National Security Council National Security Strategy (NSS)
Planning document that issues guidance to all military departments to develop their budgets Defense Planning Guidance (DPG)
Planning document from Congress that limits what the DoD can do financially and with other resources Authorization/Appropriation Bills
Planning document that is published to convey the SECDEFs message to Joint Force on strategic direction the US Armed Forces should follow to support the National Security and Defense Strategies in time of war National Military Strategy (NMS)
Planning document that is approved by the Chairman Joint Chief of Staff (CJCS) National Military Strategy (NMS)
Phase that links the plan and the budget Programming Phase
Phase that translates planning guidance into the dollars, forces, and manpower of the approved AF programs Programming Phase
Phase in which the initial costing of a program is established Programming Phase
Key document used in Programming Phase that proposes total program requirements for next six (6) years Program Objective Memoranda (POM)
Key document used in Programming Phase that defines position on readiness and sustainability, force structure, and modernization needs for upcoming POM build Annual Planning and Programming Guidance (APPG)
Key document used in Programming Phase that begins the Air Force Programming Phase Annual Planning and Programming Guidance (APPG)
Key document used in Programming Phase that is a list of high-priority needs submitted by the COCOMs to the SECDEF and CJCS Integrated Priority List (IPL)
Programming Term that describes when the MAJCOM takes back funding from an already approved program Buyback
Programming Term that describes a new program Initiative
Programming Term that describes a program that has become un-executable Disconnect
Programming Term that describes when a resource is identified to be used for a buyback or to “pay” for disconnects and initiatives Offsets
Phase that refines costing of approved service programs, submit proposed budgets, and participation in SECDEFs review of the proposed service budgets before the DoD budget is submitted to Congress Budgeting Phase
Phase that incorporates the results of program decisions made in the planning and programming phases Budgeting Phase
Key document used in Budgeting Phase that represents a cost estimate of each approved program, concentrating on the first two years of the POM (a re-costing of the POM) Budget Estimate Submission (BES)
Key document used in Budgeting Phase that is submitted in odd FYs Amended Budget Estimate Submission (ABES)
Key document used in Budgeting Phase that is submitted in even FYs Budget Estimate Submission (BES)
Key document used in Budgeting Phase that is submitted in even FYs, incorporates the DoD Budget but includes other federal functions President’s Budget (PB)
Final Phase that is implemented once the President signs Congress’ Appropriation Act into law Execution Phase
Unique process for implementing the PPBE that increases management effectiveness Air Force Corporate Structure (AFCS)
Official document and database that summarizes the force levels and funding associated with specific SECDEF approved programs Future Years Defense Program (FYDP)
How many years is the FYDP projected out for? Six (6) years for manpower and three (3) more for forces.
How is the FYDP arranged? Two ways, Major Force Program (MFP) and Congressional Appropriation.
A part of the FYDP that reflects the resources needed to achieve the objective or plan Major Force Programs (MFPs)
MFPs that are combat oriented MFPs 1-5 and 11
Congress funds DoD programs by way of Appropriations
T/F - Appropriations are required to have a specific intended use. True – They can also be thought of as categories of money
Basic building block of budget submissions in the FYDP Program Element (PE)
Nine (9) digit alphanumeric code Program Element Code (PEC) – Only the last six (6) are used
Used to budget for and control portion of the DoD PECs Force & Fiancial Plan (F&FP)
How does the Air Force change the DoD PEC? The F&FP replaces the “F” at the end of the DoD PEC and replaces it with an AF internal alphabetic character.
What are the manpower categories? Officer, Enlisted, and Civilian
T/F – AFPC maintains a reserve of active-duty personnel to respond to short-notice manpower actions. False - AFPC does not maintain a reserve
Who allocates manpower resources and end-strengths? HQ USAF/A1M
They control manpower by authorizing end strengths Congress
The count of the AF military and civilian positions that the AF has funded in each year of the FYDP to accomplish all approved missions End Strength
T/F – End strength changes drive force structure or mission changes False
End strengths must remain within overall levels allocated by AF within what percentage? 0.5 percent
Three Manpower Ceiling Limitations used by Congress Management Headquarters, Military Troop Strengths, and Overseas Manpower Ceilings
This military grade and skill constraint limits the number of colonel, lieutenant colonels, and major grades based on budgeted officer end strengths The Defense Officer Personnel Management Act (DOPMA)
This military grade and skill constraint defines the maximum number of officers and enlisted authorizations DoD Authorization Bills passed by Congress.
Shown in MPES this represents Required Grades RGR – Considered unconstrained
Shown in MPES this represents Authorized Grades GRD – Considered Fiscal Reality
Prepares final grad factors for MAJCOM allocations AFMA
What is DOPMA? Defense Officer Personnel Management Act
DOPMA does not include who? Medical Corps, Dental Corps, or Air Reserve Command colonels
HQ USAF/A1M validates and allocates colonel positions to who? MAJCOMS
Who monitors MAJCOM’s compliance to allocated positions? HQ USAF/A1M
Colonel requirements that apply to all organizations No colonel deputies, No colonel positions in the same work centers as a GS-15 civilian, No colonel positions more than one org below another
T/F – MAJCOMs can establish core colonel positions without Air Staff approval True – MAJCOM must source the colonel with existing grade.
What AF Form must a variance position request be submitted on? AF Form 81
Air Crew Identifiers (API) to focus on API 1 Pilot position; API 5 Flight surgeon; API 0 Rated officers
Responsible to conduct annual review of aircrew requirements Base MO
Aircrew requirements are documented on AF Form AF Form 480
AF Form 480 required for all except O-6 or higher; those having OPCON of aircraft; Aircraft System Flight evaluator at Ops/Logistics Group level; Aircrew Eval Flight Examiner at Ops/Logistics Group level; statutory tour rated staff (ex. Safety Officer).
What is ADP Augmentation Duty Program
Who is in charge of the ADP on base? Host installation commander (Wing/CC) but generally it is the Vice Commander
The augmentation review board (ARB) has appointed members that represent how many groups of people? Two groups: Those that represent the Group/Wing level and Unique positions in manning/requirement management
T/F – It is okay to use augmentees for a sustained period of time to offset normal manpower False – Individuals should be used no more than 120 (90 for SRB specialties)
Under this, active and reserve assets are considered as a single US military resource Total Force Policy
Command for non-mobilized ANG units is vested in the govenor of the state, commonwealth, or possession, or in the POTUS for D.C.
Command of non-mobilized Air Force Reserve units is exercised through the Commander, AFRC.
When the president authorizes involuntary activation, the SECAF delegates authority over ANG or ARC members to who? Gaining MAJCOM commanders
What are the five ways an IMA can be utilized? 1) Mobilization; 2) OOTW; 3) Specialized, technical, or scientific; 4) Economic; 5) Management and training of AFRC personnel
T/F – An IMA can be used to have administrative control over other IMA’s False
Air Force Reserve individual that functions as a force multiplier to augment the Air Force Individual Mobilization Augmentee (IMA)
T/F - MO fucntion must validate civilian requirements, availability of manpower authorizations, and the availability of financial resources validated by the Comptroller. True
Who may authorize employment of overhires? Commanders
Who certifies overhire employment? Supervisors
T/F – Overhires can be utilized for a long duration False
Civilian position that requires employee to sign DD Form 2365 and are used for direct support of combat operations, or to combat systems support Emergency Essential (E-E)
Contract Manpower Equivalents (CME) computations are documented in what? MPES – Are derived from the outcome of an A-76 event or non-A-76 source
What is the overriding objective of any military force? To be prepared to conduct combat operations in support of national political objectives (To conduct the nation’s wars)
Strategy that coordinates the instruments of national power to achieve objectives National Security Strategy (NSS)
Instruments of national power Diplomatic, Economic, Military, and Informational
Derived from the NSS, it is necessary to implement the goals set for the military National Military Strategy (NMS)
This strategy lays the basis for applying military instruments at the strategic and operational levels National Military Strategy (NMS)
Process that guides joint force commanders (JFCs) in developing plans for the employment of military power Joint Operation Planning Considerations
List six activities that must be accomplished to plan for an anticipated operation (hint 5 are planning) Mobilization Planning; Deployment Planning; Employment Planning; Sustainment Planning; Redeployment Planning; Demobilization
Planning used to consider what forces are to be used, to include Guard and Reserve Mobilization Planning
Planning used to figure out how and when we are going to get the forces there Deployment Planning
Planning used to figure out how the forces will be used/what part of mission Employment Planning
Planning used to understand how to keep the operation going Sustainment Planning
Planning used to figure out how to transfer forces Redeployment Planning
Process used to transition from conflict/wartime to peacetime activities Demobilization
Who has the ultimate authority and responsibility for the national defense? The President of the United States (POTUS)
These two positions hold constitutional authority to direct the Armed Forces The POTUS and SECDEF
Principal military advisor to the POTUS for DoD and member of NSC SECDEF
Two branches of command Operational and Non-Operational
This branch of command runs from the POTUS, through the SECDEF, to CCDR Operational Branch
This branch of command is used for purposes other than directing forces assigned to COCOMs Non-Operational Branch
This branch runs from the POTUS, through SECDEF, to the Secretaries of the Military Departments Non-Operational Branch
What are the four basic forms of command relationships Combatant Command (COCOM); Operational Control (OPCON); Tactical Control (TACON); Support
Control used under Non-Operational Control Branch Adminstrative Control (ADCON)
Individual responsible for execution of a geographic operational plan and is the principle military commander for the operation Combatant Commander (CCDR)
How many COCOMs are there? 11 commands – 6 on a geographic basis / 5 on a worldwide basis
Individual responsible for implementation of the operational plan for the Joint Task Forces specific AOR Commander Joint Task Force (CJTF/CC)
Is the associated MAJCOM or NAF commander, dual-hatted as an air component Commander Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR)
The Service’s “organize, train, and equip” authority Adminstrative Control (ADCON) – part of the non-operational branch of command
Reflects the President’s prioritized objectives from the NSS and establishes policies that provide the services planning guidance Defense Planning Guidance (DPG)
Principle DoD planning document and dictates criteria/assumptions for structuring forces Defense Planning Guidance (DPG)
Contains guidance concerning military tasks assigned to commanders of unified commands & service chiefs Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP)
A capability-planning document that directs the development of plans by assigning tasks and is the last phase of resource management Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP)
This consists of five volumes and is the Air Force’s supporting document to the JSCP War and Mobilization Plan (WMP)
Which WMP volume/part is a manpower technician concerned with? WMP 3 – Part 2
Central foundation for force planning, movement scheduling, logistics planning, and plan execution, as is primary to force planners Time-Phased Force Deployment Data (TPFDD)
TPFDD coexists with these two systems JOPES/DCAPES
They own the data in the TPFDDs that support their JSCP taskings, operations, and exercises Supported Commands & functional managers
The TPFDD expresses the total expeditionary force through Personnel quantities and Short Tons of equipment
Who signed the Adaptive Planning Roadmap Secretary of Defense
Process that supports contingency planning within DoD and is used on top priority plans Adaptive Planning (AP)
The joint capability to create and revise plans as circumstances require Adaptive Planning (AP)
Adaptive Planning (AP) allows CCDRs to develop a full range of flexible options and respond to rapidly changing strategic and military conditions with emphasis on what elements of planning Front End
What three response options may the US be confronted with? Flexible Deterrent Options (FDO); Deploy Decisive Force; Counterattack
Allows for a response to a situation that happens in peacetime, and are developed for each instrument of national power: diplomatic, informational, military, economic Flexible Deterrnt Options
This response happens when danger is imminent Deploy Decisive Force
Response used against an attack on US forces or vital interest, without prior warning Counterattack
Air Force Planning component used in peacetime to develop responses to potential scenarios resulting in formal plans for each theater Contingency Planning
Continuously maintained and updated Contingency Planning
Air Force Planning component driven by current events, emergency, and time-sensitive situations Crisis Action Planning
Air Force Planning component that determines what forces in an OPLAN TPFDD are currently deployed; is used to bridge the gap between contingency and crisis Contingency Sourcing or Contingency Plans
An automated information system designed to support contingency and crisis planning Global Command and Control System (GCCS)
DoD system providing the planning community the ability to share workload among computer centers Global Command and Control System (GCCS)
T/F - GCCS is accessible on the NIPRNET False – SIPRNET
A C2 system supporting the Joint Chief of Staff (JCS) Global Command and Control System (GCCS)
DoD directed single, integrated joint C2 system that translates policy decisions into OPLANS and OPORDS in support of national security objectives Joint Operation Planning and Executive System (JOPES)
JOPES is published in how may volumes? Three (3) Chairman Joint Chief of Staff Manuals (CJCSM)
Air Force single system AF planners use to enable improved streamlined ops planning Deliberate Crisis Action Planning and Execution Segment (DCAPES)
DCAPES is a subsystem of ***** and translates/tailors OPLANs into AF taskings JOPES
What is the primary purpose of Air Force JOPES Editing Tool (AFJET)? To allow AF planers to update and maintain JOPES
This main component of DCAPES creates a snapshot that can be saved and used to track changes over time Air Force Query Tool (AFQT)
This process is used to develop/describe standards, manpower, equipment, and deployment characteristics capabilities Manpower and Equipment Force Packaging (MEFPAK) System
A component of MEFPAK and DCAPES that contains UTC, MISCAP, Manpower details MANFOR
MEFPAK subsystem used to store equipment information LOGFOR
Agency responsible for MEFPAKs HAF FAMs
Three key manpower roles for wartime/contingency planning/execution Deployment force management; Reception force management; In-place force management
This is a summary of a unit's mission and resources for which it has been organized, designed, and equipped A Designed Operational Capability (DOC)
T/F - Units can have only one DOC Statement False - A unit can have more than one
When may a MAJCOM elect to produce multiple DOC statements for a unit? If parts of the unit's total wartime mission are significantly different
How often shall a DOC statements be reviewed? Annually and marked with current review date.
Units are categorized into how many unit types? Five (5) - Aircraft-Combat Units; Non-Aircraft Combat Units; Aircraft-Combat Support Elements; Non-Aircraft-Combat Support Elements; Combat Service Support Elements
Single automated reporting system within the DoD used to measure combat readiness Status of Resources and Training System (SORTS)
T/F - A fundamental premise of SORTS reporting is integrity True
SORTS reports on how many readiness categories? Four (4) - Personnel; Equipment & Supplies On-hand; Equipment Condition; Training
How many C-Levels are there in SORTS? Six (6) - C-1 is the highest (full wartime mission capable)
Two Types of UTCs Standard and Non-Standard
Two types of Non-Standard UTCs Z99 and Associate UTCs
Three parts of a UTC Title, MISCAP, MFEL
Short paragraph, describes mission UTC is capable of accomplishing MISCAP
T/F - A MISCAP is always classified False - it may be classified or unclassified
List of specific manpower required to do work defined in MISCAP Manpower Force Element listing (MFEL)
How many steps in MISCAP/MFEL development? Seven (7): 1.Identify mission; 2.Organize units; 3.Determine RQTS; 4.Identify avail resources; 5.Compare resource to RQTS; 6.Resolve mismatches; 7.Document RQTS
Planning and execution tool that provides means of grouping records *4 specific areas of force presentation Force Module (FM)
A secure web based tool that resides on SIPRNET - UTC status is classified Air Expeditionary Force (AEF) Reporting Tool (ART)
T/F - ART is a commander's report card False
What five (5) areas of data must a unit gather for ART Personnel, Training, Warrior Skills, Equipment/supplies, & Equipment condition
ART uses what to signify a unit's posture Colors: Green (go); Yellow (caution); Red (no go)
Total Force Assesment (TFA) is categorized into four (4) major categories...what are they? Deploying forces; In-Place forces; Directed forces; In-Place Support
Postion 1 of a PEC is alphanumeric and identifies what? Its Major Force Program
Postions 2-5 of a PEC identify what? A specific program it is assigned to
Position 6 if a PEC, the last digit, identifies what? Service Component (F=Air Force)
T/F - Overseas manpower ceilings include all permanent party military authorizations True
What does the Air Force consider as the prime indicator of what is required to do the job? Enlisted Skill level rather than grade
Flexible commander directed program, used to assist manpower needs for short term Augmentation Duty Program (ADP)
How many steps when reviewing a DOC statement Four (4) - Step four only for ANG or ARC assigned units
Created by: 566150767
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