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Structures

QuestionAnswer
Force that pushes matter together. Compression
Force that pulls matter apart. Tension
Force where one side of matter is in compression while the other is in tension. Bending
Force where matter slides in opposite directions from each other. Shear
Force where matter twists. Torsion
What is one way of keeping structures from sinking? Build using piles
Structure made up of triangles. Truss
Member which is horizontal. Beam
Member which is vertical. Column
Distance between 2 columns. Span
Any object that exerts a force that a structure must withstand in order to stay up. Load
Any action that tends to maintain or alter the position of a structure Force
Weight of the stuff on the structure. Live load
Weight of the structure itself. Dead load
Load that changes over time. Dynamic load
What is one reason wood is so widely used in construction? It is strong and inexpensive
Why is steel so good to use in construction? It is good in compression and tension.
Why is concrete used widely in construction? It is very strong in compression.
How do you strengthen a square shape? Add a diagonal piece.
Where is the strongest point on a triangle? The corners.
What is wind load? The force of wind pushing on a structure.
A bridge that consists of a beam supported on each end by column. Beam bridge
A bridge which consists of triangular shaped members. Truss bridge.
What makes arches great for use in construction? Their natural strength.
The longest type of bridge which uses cables to support itself. Suspension bridge.
Created by: dschaffe
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