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Com 152

Final Exam

Critical Thinking The ability to form and defend your own judgements rather than blindly accepting or instantly rejecting what you hear or read
facts statements that can be verified by someone other than the speaker.
opinions Subjective judgement base on experience or expertise, not capable og being verifed by others.
strategic planning The process of identifying your goals and then determine how to achieve them.
communication interaction tha builds connection between people that helps them to understand each other.
Feedback Responses from the audience to the speaker, often the form of nonverbal cues.
public open or accesible by others; affects each other.
Public forum A space in which citizens discuss issues affecting themselves. Needs cooperation, decision requires subjective jusdgement, and a decision is required.
situation The particular context in which a speech is given.
Rhetoric The study of how message affects people.
Rhetorical situation A situation in which people's understanding can be changed through messages.
identification Formation of common bonds between the speaker and the audience.
Determinants for rhetorical situation. Occasion, speaker, speech, Audience.
ceremonial Speaking that focuses on the present and is usually concerned with praise.
deliberative speaking that focuses on the future and is considered what should be done.
forensics Speaking that focuses on the past and deals with justice.
exigence A problem that cannot be avoided, but can be solved by a appropriate message.
informing Providing listeners with new ideas.
persuading influence listeners' attititudes and behavior.
entertaining stimulating the sense of community throught the celebration of common bonds among speaker and listeners.
strategy A plan of action to achieve stated goals.
invention Th generation of materials for the speech.
arrangement The structuring of materials within the main ideas, the organization of main idea within the body of a speech, and the overall strucure of introduction, body, and conclusion.
style The distinct character that makes a speach recognizable
delivery The presentation of the speech to an audience.
memory Mental recall of the key ideas and the basic structure of the speech.
Extemporaneous presentation A mode of delivery which is planned with the script.
Manual script Delivery in which th espeaker reads aloud a prepared text.
High ethical standards Respect for Listeners, Respect for topic, Responsibility for your statements concern for the consequences of your speech.
Responsibility for your statements; Plagiarism using another person's words as if they were your own.
purpose The goal of the speech, the response sought from the listeners.
thesis The main idea of the speech, usually stated in one or two sentences.
ethos the speakers character as perceived by the audience.
Logos substance and structure of a speech's ideas
pathos refers to the speaker's evoking of appropriate emotion for the audience.
introduction Beginning of a speech. Designed to get the audience's attention, to state the thesis. and to preview the development of the speech.
body The largest portion of your speech;includes the development of supporting materials to prov the thesis and any subsidary claims.
supporting materials All forms of evidence that lend to the truth of a claim.
conclusion The end of a speech; draws together the ,main points and provides a note of finality.
preparation outline An outline used developing a speech; main ideas and supporting materials are usually set forth in complete sentences.
presentation outline An outline used while presenting a speech; concists of keywords on the index cards.
communication apprehension Fears and worries about communicating with each other.
anticipation reaction increase anxiety felt by whil thinking in advance about giving a speech
confrontation reaction increase anxiety when beginning to speak.
Hearing A sensory process in which sound waves are transmitted to the brain.
listening A mental operation involving processing sound waves, interpreting their meaning, and storing their meaning and in memory.
attention span The length of time a person will attend to a message without feeling distracted.
assimilation The tendency to regard two similar messages as basically identical, blurring the distinction between them.
mapping Diagramming the relationship between the thesis of a speech and its main idea.
critical listening Listening that enables you to offer both an accurate rendering of the speech and an interpretation and assesment of it.
assumptions unstated, taken-for granted beliefs in a particular situation.
reflective considered, thoughtful
critical judgements Judgements that can be articulated and defended by providing the reasons for them.
expediency standard Evaluation of a speech according to the effects it produced.
atistic standard Evaluation of a speech according to its ethical execution of principles of public speaking without regard to its actual effects.
rhetorical crticism The analytical assessment of messages that are intended to affect other people.
empathy feeling what listeners feel and knowing what they think.
volume loudness of voice.
pitch placement of the voice on the musical scale, ranging from high to low.
monotone a very narrow, unchanging the pitch range.
rate the speed at which a person speaks, measured in words per minute.
pauses periods of brief silence within a speech.
vocalize pauses uh or um
articulation Precision and clarity in the production of individual vocal sounds.
enunciation Precision and distinctness in sounding words.
prononciation sounding of a word in the accepted way.
dialect A prononciation pattern that characterizes a particular geographic area,economic or socal class, or cultural factors.
inflection Prononciation pattern for a sentence as whole.
gesture Movement of hands and arms during the speech for emphasis.
anticipation step First step of gesture; bring the hands to the middle before making the gesture.
implementation step execution of gesture
relaxation step returning hands to a normal posiiton.
eye contact looking directly at members of the audience.
distributed practice practice spread over time.
massed practice A long practice before delivering the speech.
topic The subject area of the speech.
brain storming A mental free-association exercise which identifies without evaluation.
topoi common or typical categories for organizing subject matter.
perspective The point of view from which one approaches a topic.
agenda setting Causing listeners to be aware of and to think about a topic that previously had escaped their attention.
conversion The replacement of one setof beliefs by another that is inconsistent with the first.
general purpose statement Statement of the overall goal of the speech
specific purpose statement Statement of the particular outcome sought from the audience; a more specific version of a general purpose.
issue A question raised by the thesis statement that must be addressed in order for the thesis itself to be addressed effectively.
Created by: 1682298726
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