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Barber Vocab Ch 19

Milady's Standard Professional Barbering 2006

activator an additive used to quicken the action or progress of hydrogen peroxide
aniline derivatives uncolored dye precursors that combine with hydrogen peroxide to form larger, permanent color molecules in the cortex
base color the predominant tone of an existing color
cap technique lightening technique that involves pulling strands of hair through a perforated cap with a plastic or metal hook
color fillers tinted products used to even out color processing
complementary colors a primary and secondary color positioned opposite each other on the color wheel
contributing pgigment pigment that lies under the natural hair color that is exposed when the natural color is lightened
demipermanent haircolor deposit-only haircolor product similar to semipermanent but longer lasting
developer an oxidizing agent, usually hydrogen peroxide, used to develop color
double-process haircoloring a two-step combination of lightening and haircoloring
dye removers products used to strip built-up color from the hair
fillers preparations designed to equalize porosity and/or deposit a base color in on application
foil technique highlighting technique using foil
free-form technique also known as balayage; the painting of a lightener on clean, styled hair
haircolor industry-coined term referring to artificial haircolor products and services
hair lightening the chemical process of diffusing natural or artificial pigment from the hair
highlighting coloring or lightening some strands of hair lighter than the natural color
laws of color a system for understanding color relationships
level unit of measure used to identify the lightness or darkness of a color
lighteners chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing and diffusing natural pigment
line of demarcation a visible line separating colored hair from new growth
lowlighting coloring some strands of hair darker than the natural hair color
off-the-scalp lighteners lighteners that cannot be used directly on the scalp
on-the-scalp lighteners lighteners that can be used directly on the scalp
patch test test for identifying a possible allergy to haircolor products
permanent haircolor haircolor that is mixed with a developer and remains in the shaft
prelightening the first step of a double-process haircoloring; used to lighten natural pigment
presoftening process of treating resistant hair for better color penetration
primary colors red, blue, and yellow; colors that cannot be achieved from a mixture of other colors
progressive colors haircolor products that contain compoound or metallic dyes, which build up on the hair; not used professionally
retouch application application of the product to the new growth only
secondary colors colors obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors
semipermanent haircolor deposit-only hairclolor product formulated to last through several shampoos
single-process haircoloring process that lightens and colors the hair in a single application
soap cap equal parts of tint and a shampoo
strand test the application of a coloring or lightening product to determine how the hair will react to the formula and the amount of time it will take to process
temporary colors color products that last only from shampoo to shampoo
tone the basic name of a color; also used to describe the warmth or coolness of a color
toner a semipermanent, demipermanent, or permanent haircolor product used primarily on prelightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors.
virgin application the first time the hair is tinted
volume the measure of the potential oxidation of varying strengths of hydrogen peroxide