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Progess Test 1

Cognitive Develpment

QuestionAnswer
According to Piaget, the stage of cognitive development in which a person understands specific logical ideas and can apply them to concrete problems is called Concrete operational thought
Japanese children outscore children in the US in math. This difference has been attributed to which of the following? automatization
The idea that an object that has been transformed in some way can be restored to its original form by undoing the process is reversibillity
Information-processing theorists contend that major advances in cognitive development occur during the school years because: children become better able to process and analyze information.
Cross-cultural research on children's cognition reveals: the same patterns of development worldwide.
Concrete operational thought is Piaget's term for the school-age child's ability to: reason logically about things and events he or she perceives.
The term for the ability to monitor and adjust one's cognitive performance ( to think about thinking) is metacognition
Long-term memory is ________ permanent and ______limited than working memory. more; less
Passed in 2001, the federal law that mandates annual standardized achievement tests for public school children is the: No Child Left Behind Act
Which theorist believed that cultures (tools, customs, people) teach children best? Vygotsky
Which aspect of memory is most likely to change during the school years? the speed and efficiency of working memory
8 year old Cho, who recently emigrated from Mayanmar, attends a school in Canada in which all subjects are taught in English. Cho's school is using which strategy to teach English-language learners? total emersion.
Many American children make a language shift. This means that they: replace their original languange with English rather thatn becoming fluent in both languages.
Which theorist emphasized the critical role of maturation in cognitive development? Piaget
A factor that is not important in the difference between success and failure in second-language learning? the difficulty of language.
According to Piaget, 8 and 9 year olds can reason only about concrete things in their lives. "Concrete" means: tangible or specific
Research regarding Piaget's theory has found that: the movement to a new level of thinking is much more erratic than Piaget predicted.
The increase in processing speed that occurs during middle childhood is partly the result of: cognitive development seems to be considerably less affected by sociocultural factors than Piaget's descriptions imply.
When psychologist look at the ability of children to receive, store, and organize information, they are examining information processing.
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP): measures achievement in reading, mathematics, and other subjects over time.
The logical operations of concrete operational thought are particularly important to an understanding of elementary-school subject(s) of: math and science.
Created by: Msmlb_93