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Mr. Scanlan States M

Mr. Scanlan States of Matter

QuestionAnswer
Fluids Any non-solid state of matter in which particles can move past one another.
plasma a state of matter that starts as a gas and then becomes ionized
energy the capacity to do work
thermal energy the kinetic energy of a substance's atoms
evaperation the change of state from a liquid to a gas
sublimation the process in which a solid changes directly into a gas
condensation the change of state from a gas to a liquid
fluid a nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules are free to move past each other, as in a gas or liquid
buoyant force the upward force that keeps an object immersed in or floating on a liquid
pressure the amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface
Archimedes' Principle the principle that states that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is an upward force equal to the weight of the volume of fluid that the object displaces
pascal the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted over an area of 1 m2 (symbol, Pa)
Pascal's Principle the principle that states that a fluid in equilibrium contained in a vessel exerts a pressure of equal intensity in all directions
viscosity the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
Boyle's Law the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant temperature, the volume of the gas increases as the pressure of the gas decreases and the volume of the gas decreases as the pressure of the gas increases
Charles' Law the law that states that for a fixed amount of gas at a constant pressure, the volume of the gas increases as the temperature of the gas increases and the volume of the gas decreases as the temperature of the gas decreases
Gay-Lussac's Law the law that states that the volume occupied by a gas at a constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature
Created by: bscanlan