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Sociology Qtr 1


The study of society and groups Sociology
Group of people forming a single community who have interests in common Society
Patterns including rules, ideas, and beliefs shared by members of society which are learned directly or indirectly Culture
Division of a culture that has a common trait Subculture
If they happen in the same time period; current, modern Contemporary
Happening right now Modern
Learning the patterns of society, internalizing social values directly or indirectly Enculturation
Patterns of living or dying common in all cultures Cultural Universal
Culturally entrenched pattern of behavior made up of sacred beliefs, emotional feelings of those beliefs, overt-conduct Religion
A view that one's own group, race, nation, or culture is superior to all others Ethnocentrism
All cultures have value and should be considered Cultural Relativism
Patterns of ideas or acts with great moral significance Mores
Mores enforced and punished by legislation Laws
Mores enforced by a group that are not laws Rules
Behavior determined by tradition of the people Customs
Less compulsive behavior for routine or causal interaction Folkways
Mores telling us what not to do Taboo
Science of vital statistics Demographics
Analyzing numbers to make meanings and trends Statistics
Most common value Mode
Arithmetic Average Mean
Result with the same number of occurrences on either side Median
Estimated number of years remaining in a person's life at a certain time Life Expectancy
Proportion of people who have died in a time period compared to the number of people in a population Death Rate/Mortality Rate
Number of live birth infants dying in their first year Infant Mortality Rate
A field filled out on the death certificate Cause of Death
Name the functions of a family Care for children and elderly, encouragement, economic support, life functions, faith/religion, etc...
Mother and Father Nuclear Family
Mother, Father, Grandparents, sometimes others Extended Family
Nuclear family in the house, but nearby relatives act as extended family Modified Extended Family
Just Mother or Father Single Parent Family
Re-Married Mother and Father Blended Family
Father rules the family Patriarchal
Mother rules the family Matriarchal
Mother and Father have equal part in the decision making Egalitarian
Patriarchal family, usually rural, where sons bring their wives to live on the family homestead Joint Family
Adults of opposite gender living together without marriage Cohabiting
Move from hand crafted products to factory made products Industrialization
Moving into cities Urbanization
The creation of a system that governs through departments and subdivisions managed by sets of officials following inflexible routines Bureaucratization
Moving away from parents Neo-localization
Moving away to different geographic areas Geographic Mobility
Is it true the divorce rate has increased through the 1900's? Yes
Is it true hospice care has increased and improved through the 1900's? Yes
An increase in interest in taking care of the environment Green Movement
Grouping people by similar characteristics that we value Class
Categorizing people into social classes Social Stratification
Ability to move between social classes Class Mobility
Event performed in a solemn and prescribed manner Rite
Includes funerals and memorial services; all inclusive term Funeral Rite
Action dealing with death which expresses beliefs and may use symbols to show the attitudes of the participants Ritual/Ceremony
A rite that follows a ritual or ceremony and comes from religion or social custom Traditional Funeral Rite
A service with no body present Memorial Service
No religious connotations, no mention of God Humanistic Funeral Rites
Adapted to desires of family, changed to suit modern trends Adaptive Funeral Rites
Funeral rite identified with a pre-literate society Primitive Funeral Rite
Created by: sbarton