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# Manpower Block III

### Manpower Apprentice Course, Block III Study Guide

Question | Answer |
---|---|

a-What term(s) include both explained and unexplained variation? | 9-TSS |

b-What term(s) include proportion of explained variation to total variation? | 3-R sqrd – Coefficient of Determination |

c-What term(s) include slope? | 2-“b” value |

d-What term(s) include Y-intercept? | 1-“a” value |

e-What term(s) include first thing you do after you have a good equation? | 8-Extrapolation |

f-What term(s) include measure of absolute dispersion? | 4-V – Coefficient of Variation / 5-Sxy / 10-SSE |

g-What term(s) include mathematical relationship between the variables? | 6-Regression |

h-What term(s) include measure of explained variation? | 5-Sxy |

i-What term(s) include Syx divided by Y mean? | 4-V – Coefficient of Variation |

j-What term(s) include measure of explained variation? | 3-R sqrd – Coefficient of Determination / 11-SSR |

k-What term(s) include .5000 is minimum acceptable value? | 3-R sqrd – Coefficient of Determination |

l-What term(s) include .7071 is minimum acceptable value? | 12-R, Coefficient of Correlation |

m-What term(s) include tells us if the sampe’s proportion of explained variation to unexplained variation is significant enough to allow us to predict population manpower hours? | 7-F- Test |

n-What term(s) include increase the applicability of a standard? | 8-Extrapolation |

o-What term(s) include .measures the strength and direction of the relation between X and Y? | 12-R, Coefficient of Correlation |

p-What term(s) include SSR/TSS? | 3-R sqrd – Coefficient of Determination |

q-What term(s) include predicted man-hours? | 3-R sqrd – Coefficient of Determination |

r-What term(s) include last step in correlation and regression analysis? | 7-F- Test |

s-What term(s) include maximum value may not exceed .25? | 4-V – Coefficient of Variation |

t-What term(s) include maximum value may not equal or exceed .05? | Significance F |

v-What term(s) include increases predicted man-hours by up to 50%? | 8-Extrapolation |

w-What term(s) include allows comparison of dispersion in different sets of data? | 4-V – Coefficient of Variation |

x-What term(s) include must be a positive value? | 2-“b” value / 3-R sqrd – Coefficient of Determination / 4-V – Coefficient of Variation |

y-What term(s) include can be either a positive or negative value? | 1-“a” value |

A SCATTERED DIAGRAM is a _______-____________ graph that describes the type of strength of relationship between ________ variables. | two-dimensional / two |

A VARIABLE is a characteristic of _____________________________. | anything that can be manipulated or made to vary. |

What are the TWO VARIABLES used in developing manpower standards? | Work Load Factors (WLFs) and Man-hours (MHs) {note-looking for a causal relationship between the two variables} |

Each ______ ______ on the line represents the intersection of an X and Y value. | data point |

How do you show a data series that appears more than once? | Place a circle around the original data point for every time it occurs. |

What does a scatter diagram provide? | Information about the type of relationship between variables and about the strength of that relationship. |

What are the four (4) types of relationships between variables? | Positive/Direct Relationship Negative/Inverse Relationship / Curvilinear Relationship / No Relationship. Explain the Positive/Direct Relationship between variables? |

Explain the Negative/Inverse Relationship between variables? | Depicts a negative or inverse relationship. As the value of X (WLF) increases, the value of Y (MH) decreases. |

Explain the Curvilinear Relationship between variables? | Depicts a relationship between X (WLF) and Y (MH) that starts out as positive, but ends up as negative or vice versa. |

Explain the No Relationship between variables? | When variables X and Y are unrelated, their data does not correspond and cannot be graphed in a line. Any increase in X (WLF) will have no effect on Y (MH), and vice versa. |

There are three (3) ways to define the relationship between variables, what are they? | Strong / Weak / Unrelated |

Explain a “Strong” relationship between variables. | Scatter diagrams of strong related X(WLF) and Y (MH) variables will show all data points tightly clustered together about the mean. Strongly related variables mean that every change in X will almost always produce a change in Y. |

In the equation Y equals a + b1 X1+b2X2+b3X3…bnXn + SIAM “a is the ________________________________” | the sum of fixed measured man-hours |

In the equation Y equals a + b1 X1+b2X2+b3X3…bnXn + SIAM “b is the ________________________________” | the the ratio of variable man-hours (V) divided by the WLF counts (X) |

In the equation Y equals a + b1 X1+b2X2+b3X3…bnXn + SIAM “SIAM is the ________________________________” | the sum of all indirect work man-hours |

In the equation Y equals a + b1 X1+b2X2+b3X3…bnXn + SIAM “X is the ________________________________” | the value of the workload factor |

How do you determine Total Man Hours (TMH)? | Using the equation in the AF Manpower Standard and inserting your WLF |

What is fractional man-hours? | the number you get when you divide TMMH by MAF time OLF (OLF if applicable) |

How do you determine total requirements? | using the applicable rounding rule for the OLF used |

When you have 12 months of WLF counts what do you have to do before you can use the count in the equation? | find the monthly average. |

Skill and grade determination must not be affected by _______________ or ________________ and contains only _____________________________________. | eternal constraints / funding limitations / what is required to get the job done. |

Grade and skill determination is based on four (4) assumptions. What are two of them? | two grades per skill / 33% CMS-67% SMS, 40% MSG-60% TSG, 50% SSG and SRA, 100% A1C |

Grade and skill determination is based on four (4) assumptions. What are the other two of them? | the concept that workers spend most of their work time performing at their highest skill level / senior NCOs (9 lvl) in lieu of lower grade commissioned officers |

There are two methods of building a Manpower table, what are they? | Building Manpower table without C & R / Building Manpower table with C & R |

When is the decision made about what method to use to build the Manpower table? | Study Planning Phase |

Who develops the Manpower Table? | the lead team |

When building Manpower table without C & R the lead team develops the manpower requirement column of what AF Form? | AF Form 1113, Manpower Table |

What is the first step in building a Manpower table without C & R? | determine total man-hours for each location, by adding the direct and indirect man-hours. (this is given to the lead team from each input What is the second step in building a Manpower table without C & R? |

What is the third step in building a Manpower table without C & R? | The Lead team averages the %s received from the input teams and applies these %s to the extrapolation limits obtained from C & R |

What is the forth step in building a Manpower table without C & R? | multiply the requirements by the % per skill level and grade and populate your Manpower table, transferring totals to the AF Form 1113 |

What is the fifth step in building a Manpower table without C & R? | Coordinate the proposed grade and skill distribution with the functional OPR as part of the final report. |

Whose responsibility is it to determine the percentage of work done at what skill level, per POD item when the Manpower table is built with C & R? | The USAF’s AFSC Functional Manager |

When building a Manpower table using C & R what do you do in step 2? | Multiply the % that AF Functional gave the lead team against the measured man-hours (MMH) for each POD step |

When building a Manpower table using C & R what form do you record the Manpower TAB data on? | AF Form 1113 |

If conditions fall outside those listed in the Statement of Condition (SOC), what is needed? | A Variance is necessary |

There are three types of variances, what are they? | Mission variance / Environmental variance / Technological variance |

Describe a Mission variance. | This variance adds man-hours to a location for required work that is not addressed in the core Process Oriented Description (POD) (positive) or subtracts man-hours for required work identified in the core POD, but not performed (negative). |

Describe an Environmental variance. | It accounts for differences in operation conditions other than those used to develop the core standard (e.g. snow, geographical separation, etc). It is tied to the SOC. Describe a Technological variance. |

How do you quantify increased man-hours for positive variances that have been identified? | using various measurement techniques such as operational audit or work sampling. |

How do you compute a Negative Variance? | Compute the mean percentage value and use it to build a negative variance man-hour equation in the form of Y |

True or False Mobility, deployment, and war plan exercises are activities generally recognized by variance standards. | True |

What are the two over riding factors to consider when determining if man-hours used during Mobility, deployment, and war plan exercises should be included in a variance? | Is it directed by MAJCOM or higher? / Is the activity already identified in the POD |

Implement new Air Force Manpower Standards (AFMSs) into manpower data systems with ____ calendar dates of _______ of implementation instructions> | 90 days / receipt |

Implementation within 90 days includes: | applying the AFMS / coding the manpower requirements with the correct codes to include an effective date of three fiscal quarters (current quarter, plus two) to allow lead-time for personnel actions |

What are the two ways your authorizations can increase? | If the MAJCOM increases by taking authorization from somewhere within the MAJCOM / MAJCOM requesting an increase from USAF/A1M and they approving it. |

After initial application, a AFMS can be reapplied for what three (3) reasons? | Change in mission / Significant base population changes (greater or less than 100 authorizations) / MAJCOM commanders, on the recommendation of MAJCOM/A1M, may direct it |

What is the study report referred to? | The Final Report |

Who completes the Final Report? | The Lead Team |

There are three parts to the Final Report, what are they? | Part 1 Introduction / Part 2 Manpower Standard / Part 3 Data Analysis and Computation Summary |

What type of items are in Part 1, Introduction? | Administrative data in nature, e.g. Study ID, FAC, wartime applicability, Development method and location, Study period and participants, Reference Documents and Follow-on Actions |

Where is the Man-power equations located? | Part 2 Manpower Standard |

Where is the Workload Factor (WLF) located? | Part 2 Manpower Standard |

Where is the Statement of Understanding (SOC) located? | Part 2 Manpower Standard |

Where is the Process Orientated Description (POD) located? | Attachment 1 |

Where is the Standard Manpower Table located? | Attachment 2 |

Where are the Variances located? | Attachment 3 |

The data analysis and computation is an _______ _______ from data collection through selection of the suitable manpower model. | audit trail |

What does Data Exclusion mean? | data points excluded from model computation. |

When you exclude data points what do you need to include in the summary? | state the reason for the elusion and the justification to include or exclude these location in the standard applicability statement. |

What does Data Adjustments mean? | defined as changes to reported frequencies, per accomplishment times, allowed man-hours or workload values made by the study team so that data shown in the manpower equation differs from the data sent by an input team. |

In the data analysis and computation summary what do you need to include about the skill and grade determination? | State procedures and data sources used for determination of skills and grads in the manpower table. |

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